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Articles by M. Salehi
Total Records ( 5 ) for M. Salehi
  M.R. Salamat , M.B. Tavakoli , M. Salehi , E. Pishva , A.H. Salari and F. Tabesh
  Bone Mineral Density (BMD) of 359 healthy Isfahani women aged 23-60 years were compared with the Caucasian’s, Tehranis and some Arab women. BMD was determined using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at the lumbar spine and proximal femur. Age related changes in BMD were similar to those described in Lebanese and Saudis for the femur, Lebanese having the lowest femur BMD. However, the age related values for the spine were similar for all populations, having the lowest BMD values for the Isfahani women. The problem of using manufacture provided reference data was investigated. In fact using the manufacture provided reference data for the femoral neck diagnosed only 14.9% of the postmenopausal women as normal due to improper use of T-score, while using the Isfahan normative data 41.9% of the postmenopausal women were diagnosed as normal. The normative peak BMD values acquired for Iranian women in Isfahan and Tehran were different, in particular for the spine. The normative BMD values in Isfahan were only acquired for the young women. Therefore, for the management of patients, determining the secondary causes of osteoporosis (Z-scores<-2) it is highly recommended to establish the normal range for the entire age range of 20-80 years normal women and make further investigations to find the reason(s) for the discrepancies in the normal BMD ranges of women in Iran.
  M. Salehi , M. Kafi and A.R. Kiani
  In order to study the effect of salinity and water stress on biomass production, growth parameters, seed yield and seed oil of kochia, kochia was grown in the spring and summer of 2009 with four levels of water supply and seven levels of saline water with three replications. During non-stress conditions kochia produced remarkable dry matter (37 t ha-1) and still produced up to 8 t ha-1 during severe drought and saline conditions. The effect of maximum crop growth rate was higher than maximum crop growth duration on biomass production. Green biomass of kochia increased compared to shoot biomass and then, more assimilate partitioning to the leaves under salinity and drought stress helped kochia to keep its photosynthesis organs otherwise improve the forage quality. Kochia produced 2.5 and 1.5 t ha-1 seed under nonsaline and saline conditions, respectively. Kochia seed contains reasonable oil content, particularly during extreme stress conditions. Kochia could produce 120 kg ha-1 oil during the excessive stress condition of this experiment. Kochia’s seeds contain 84% unsaturated fatty acid. This result indicates that kochia is a potential forage and oil crop under saline and dry conditions in semi-arid areas.
  Z. Mazloom , M. Salehi and M.H. Eftekhari
 
There is general believe that exercise may results in changes that likely reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and may slow the progression of established coronary artery disease. Chronic cardiovascular training results in changes in lipoproteins and apolipoproteins that reflect adaptation to the increased metabolic demands imposed by frequent, vigorous exercise. Moreover, the alterations in lipoproteins vary according to level of physical conditioning and intensity of exercise. One hundred three pre-menopausal physically active women ages 20-50 years old which have been exercising for at least 6 months involve in this study. Upon entering the study subjects were asked to complete questionnaire, regarding personal health and diet history (24 h recall plus 7 days food frequency list). Total calorie intake, level of carbohydrate, protein and fat in the subjects' diet were analyzed. In addition the concentration of women's plasma triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL-C and HDL-C were also measured and compared with normal value. The results of the present study showed that, the mean total caloric intake of women were 1812.54 kilocalories, where their carbohydrate, protein and fat intake were 67.28, 12.83 and 19.89% of their total calories, respectively. The average age, weight, height and Body Mass Index (BMI) of the women involved in the study were, 30.81±8.87 years, 57.85±7.79 kg, 160.32±5.36 cm and 22.53±2.82 kg m-2, respectively. Plasma lipid and lipoprotein concentration of women were also in normal range with the lowest in those who exercise for more than one year and physical education teacher.

  M. Salehi and M. Neghab
  Fasting during holy month, Ramadan, is a religious obligation for all adult healthy Muslims. During this month Muslims are allowed to eat and drink between sunset and dawn. However, they are not allowed to eat and drink after dawn. To assess the effects of fasting on weight, BMI (Body Mass Index) and some blood indices, we recruited 28 overweight male volunteers aged 20-26 years. They were on a balanced diet of 2000 calories, containing 70 g protein, 350 g carbohydrate and 35.5 g lipid during Ramadan, while they were on a free diet before Ramadan. Subjects were requested to drink more than 6 glasses (about 1.5 L) of water or fruit juice every night between sunset to dawn during Ramadan. Serum levels of glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride as well as weight and BMI were measured in all subjects one day before and after Ramadan. Fasting resulted in significant (p<0.05) decreases in the mean values of both, weight and the BMI. Similarly, the mean values of glucose and cholesterol were significantly decreased in subjects after Ramadan, although none of these decreases reached to a level with pathological significance. Conversely, no significant changes in serum levels of triglyceride were noted.
  M. Salehi and M. Neghab
  In tribes’ people like Qashqa’i, little information exists on nutrition status and diet habits of women. Anemia is a widespread problem among nomadic women and is most likely caused by iron (Fe) deficiency. In this study dietary intake was examined to determine whether it was related to hemoglobin (Hb) and Serum Ferritin (SF) and to ascertain if the intake of anemia pertinent nutrients differed between anemic and non anemic Qashqa’i women. The Hb and SF were measured, dietary intake (Mean of three days 24 h recall) was recorded and background socio-economic data were obtained from the study population. The results showed that dietary intake of Fe, Vitamin C and Folate was below the recommended levels in the majority of the anemic women. Women whose intake of Fe and vitamin C or Folate was around the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) had significantly higher mean Hb and SF values. Collectively, our findings support the notion that the quality and quantity of food basket, particularly, its iron, vitamin C and folate contents are the major determinants of anemia status of Qashqa’i women.
 
 
 
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