A Rare Report of Ectoparasites in Backyard Poultry in Jammu Region: Prevalence
Study and Economic Importance
Sartaj Ahmad Bhat,
Mohd Yaqoob Wani,
Jatinder Kumar Khojuria,
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances,
2014, 9(11), 727-731.
Backyard poultry farming plays an important role in rural people by providing
eggs, meat and employment. The production of backyard poultry is generally affected
by ecto and endo-parasites due to their free range feeding habit and housing
practices. The present study was designed to study the prevalence of ectoparasites
in back yard poultry in Jammu region of India during October 2010 to September
2011. The results showed that out of 710 birds examined, 373 (52.53%) were found
infested with different ectoparasites. The highest prevalence was recorded for
Menopon gallinae (16.05%) followed by Menacanthus stramineus (12.95%),
Goniocotes gallinae (9.58%), Goniodes gigas (5.91%), Lipeurus
caponis (2.95%), Argas persicus (3.38%) and Dermanyssus gallinae
(1.69%). Seasonal prevalence indicated, Menopon gallinae was predominant
in all seasons except in pre monsoon, highest during winter and lowest during
post monsoon. While Menacanthus stramineus had the highest prevalence
during pre monsoon, Argas persicus during monsoon and Dermanyssus
gallinae had the lowest prevalence during all the seasons. The study is
first in its nature from Jammu, the north Indian region and will provide valuable
information on ectoparasites in back yard poultry. However, further investigation
is required in this regard so as to reduce the production losses by ectoparasites.
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