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Research Article
Comparative Efficacy of Some Plant Extracts against Fungal Deterioration of Stucco Ornaments in the Mihrab of Mostafa Pasha Ribate, Cairo, Egypt

H.A.M. Afifi

American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2012, 2(1), 40-47.

Abstract

The demand for medicinal plants is expanding rapidly where plants are now recognized as a safe, efficient and in expensive fungicides for treatment of stucco ornaments. In this study, three different plants extracts Anethum graveolens, Cymbopogon citrates and Juniperus oxycedrus occurring naturally in the plant essentials were evaluated to inhibit the fungal growth of the stucco ornaments in the Ribate of Mostafa Pasha (Azdomor Al Salehy) that belonged to the Ayyubid period. Three fungal species namely: Fusarium oxysporum, Aspergillus niger, Alternaria alternate were isolated from different sites on the tested stucco ornaments. The toxicity of the three plant extracts concentrations against fungal growth revealed that Cymbopogon citrates at 100% recorded the highest significant inhibition zones (6.92, 8.0 and 5.19 cm) in all tested fungal species (A. niger, F. oxysporium and A. alternate), respectively. It is the most effective one in stopping fungal deterioration followed by Anethum graveolens fungicide which only retarded fungal growth while Juniperus oxycedrus was least effective.

ASCI-ID: 2816-39

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