Search. Read. Cite.

Easy to search. Easy to read. Easy to cite with credible sources.

Research Article
Agronomic Performance, Genotype X Environment Interactions and Stability Analysis of Grain Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench)

E.M. Ezzat, M.A. Ali and A.M. Mahmoud

Asian Journal of Crop Science, 2010, 2(4), 250-260.

Abstract

This research was undertaken to evaluate the performance of parental lines and their crosses under different environments for yielding ability and some traits and determine the most stable lines and hybrids. Testing newly developed genotypes under several environments is important for evaluating stability of performance and range of adaptation. Twenty five F1 and their 10 parents of sorghum were evaluated at two locations (Assiut and Qena governorates) under early and late sowing dates in both 2007 and 2008 summer seasons. Year effects were significant for the studied traits. Location and date effects had the largest impact on the studied traits. The interaction effects of genotype with each of locations and dates were highly significant for all studied traits whereas genotype x year interaction effect was highly significant for days to blooming, plant height and grain yield. Genotype x year x date interaction effect was highly significant for plant height, 1000-grain weight and grain yield. However, genotype x year x location x date interaction effect was highly significant only for plant height and grain yield. Most of hybrids were significantly earlier, taller, heavier grain weight and higher grain yield compared to their parents and checks. Stability analysis for grain yield demonstrated that most of F1 hybrids had higher yields than their parents, but the parents were relatively more stable. Four genotypes (three crosses; (A-73 x R-272), (A-604 x R-92010) and (A-613 x R-210) and one parent (R-273)) were the best stable genotypes. These genotypes gave higher yields compared to the average overall genotypes (hybrids and parents, respectively). These genotypes are considered as promising cultivars and it may be suitable for growing in a wide range of environments.

ASCI-ID: 4-39

Cited References Fulltext

Related Articles


Impact of Climate Change on Rice-based Cropping Systems and Farmers’ Adaptation Strategies in Northeast Thailand

Asian Journal of Crop Science, 2014, 6(3), 262-272.

Root Yield and Nutrient Removal of Four Cassava Cultivars Planted in Early Rainy Season of Northeastern Thailand: Crop Experienced to Drought at Mid-Growth Stage

Asian Journal of Crop Science, 2016, 8(1), 24-30.

GenotypexEnvironment Interaction for Resistance to Purple Blotch (Alternaria porri L. (Ellis) Cif.) in Onion (Allium cepa L.) in Nigeria

Asian Journal of Crop Science, 2009, 1(1), 15-25.

Combining Ability Analysis for Yield and Earliness in Hybrid Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Asian Journal of Crop Science, 2015, 7(1), 81-86.

The Effect of Environment on Combining Ability and Heterosis in Grain Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench)

Asian Journal of Crop Science, 2011, 3(1), 1-15.

The Effect of Environment on Combining Ability and Heterosis in Grain Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench)

Asian Journal of Crop Science, 2011, 3(1), 1-15.

The Relationships of Sorghum Kernel Pericarp and Testa Characteristics with Tannin Content

Asian Journal of Crop Science, 2009, 1(1), 1-5.

The Effect of Environment on Combining Ability and Heterosis in Grain Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench)

Asian Journal of Crop Science, 2011, 3(1), 1-15.

Effectiveness of Selection in the F3 and F5 Generations in Grain Sorghum

Asian Journal of Crop Science, 2012, 4(1), 23-31.

Cited By


Seed Production Environment and Potential Seed Longevity of Rain-fed Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Genotypes

Research Journal of Seed Science, 2011, 4(3), 166. DOI: 10.3923/rjss.2011.166.173

Identification of stable genotypes and genotype by environment interaction for grain yield in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench)

Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization, 2018, (), 1. DOI: 10.1017/S1479262118000382

Insect fauna of pests and their natural enemies inhabiting sorghum-panicles in Egypt

Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, 2019, 29(1), . DOI: 10.1186/s41938-019-0190-0

Genotype-by-trait association of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) advanced lines grown under arid and semi-arid regions of Zimbabwe

Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology, 2020, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s12892-020-00060-7

Assessment of plasticity and stability of grain sorghum varieties on the basis of their grain yield

BIO Web of Conferences, 2020, 27(), 00027. DOI: 10.1051/bioconf/20202700027

Consecutive seasonal effect on yield and water productivity of drip deficit irrigated sorghum in saline soils

Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 2021, (), . DOI: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.12.045