Research Article
Evaluation of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) as Green Pod and Seed Crop under Different Cropping Systems in Egypt

E.M. Abd El Lateef, A.E.M. Eata, Asal M. Wali and M.S. Abd El-Salam

Asian Journal of Crop Science, 2020, 12(2), 115-123.

Abstract

Background and Objective: There is a shortage in the edible pulses in summer season in Egypt. In order to evaluate the potentiality of incorporating mungbean as a new crop in the crop structure in the Egyptian agriculture as vegetable or seed legume crop this study was conducted. Material and Methods: Four mungbean varieties from different origins were subjected to biological stress resulted when intercropped with maize at 2:2 intercropping pattern compared with solid planting. Results: The results showed significant gradual reduction in light energy flux density (Jm2 sec1) at different heights for varieties, cropping systems and their interaction indicating the variability in the varietal tolerance to biological stress resulted from intercropping. There were insignificant differences among mungbean varieties in chl a, carotenoids, chl a+b/carotenoids. Significant differences (p<0.05) among mungbean varieties in macronutrients N, P, K and Mg concentration in leaves. There were significant differences among mungbean varieties in 4 key micronutrient (Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu) concentrations. The greatest N and Ca concentrations were found in NCM7 leaves while King and Kawmy-1 varieties contained the greatest concentrations of the micro nutrients Mn, Zn and Cu. There were significant interactions between variety and cropping pattern affected nutrient status for both macro and micro nutrient concentrations of mungbean leaves. Conclusion: It could be concluded from this study that mungbean could be employed and incorporated in the Egyptian structure as vegetable or field crop. Choosing the proper variety and cropping system could help in maximizing the productivity according to the purpose of utilization.

ASCI-ID: 4-274

Cited References Fulltext

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