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Research Article
Spatial Distribution of Electrical Infrastructures: Impact of Urban Sprawl in Lubumbashi, DR Congo

Banza Wa Banza Bonaventure, Kiseya Tshikala Flory and Philippe Bouillard

Asian Journal of Industrial Engineering, 2016, 8(1), 10-17.

Abstract

The rapid and unplanned expansion in sub-Saharan Africa was favored by high rates of overall population growth and this has led to the proliferation of low-income settlements in peripheries of many cities and this without extension of public services. This study was conducted in Lubumbashi city in order to highlight the spatial distribution of electrical infrastructures face to urban growth from 1996-2014. Four multi-temporal SPOT images of the city of Lubumbashi have been used to highlight the spatiotemporal dynamics of the city. On ground surveys led to geo-reference the electrical cabins supplying the residential sector. The survey results were supported and complemented by information (length of the electrical network, installed power) collected in the database of the National Electricity Company. The results showed that the city of Lubumbashi is expanding rapidly, while the increase in the electricity grid and the installed power rates are sharply down. Furthermore, the distribution of electric cabins between 1996 and 2014 did not follow the urban sprawl. The National Electricity Company SNEL with 57.8% of electrical cabins followed by privates (39.6%) and donors (2.4%) concentrates its activities in old neighborhoods, places sheltering the services of urban administration and important economic functions. While private and donors, despite their low impact are trying to expand their actions even in the new municipalities naturally abandoned by SNEL. Good urban planning, good management and a broad growth of power sector reform are the main ways to overcome this impasse.

ASCI-ID: 67-19

Cited References Fulltext

Cited By


Causes of Deterioration of the Electrical Service Quality at the Household Scale in Lubumbashi, DR Congo

Trends in Applied Sciences Research, 2019, 14(1), 12. DOI: 10.3923/tasr.2019.12.18