Research Article
A Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of Chicken Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase A Gene Associated with Fatness Traits

Jianwei Tian, Shouzhi Wang, Qigui Wang, Li Leng, Xiaoxiang Hu and Hui Li

Animal Biotechnology, 2010, 21(1), 42-50. DOI: 10.1080/10495390903347009

Abstract

Acetyl-CoA carboxylase α (ACCα) is a major rate-limiting enzyme in the biogenesis of long-chain fatty acids. It can catalyze the carboxylation of acetyl-CoA to form malonyl-CoA that plays a key role in the regulation of fatty acid metabolism. The objective of the present study was to investigate the associations of ACCα gene polymorphisms with chicken growth and body composition traits. The Northeast Agricultural University broiler lines divergently selected for abdominal fat content and the Northeast Agricultural University F2 Resource Population were used in the current study. Body weight and body composition traits were measured in the aforementioned two populations. A synonymous mutation was detected in the exon 19 region of ACCα gene, then polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method was developed to genotype all the individuals derived from the aforementioned populations. Association analysis revealed that the polymorphism was associated with abdominal fat weight and percentage of abdominal fat in the two populations. The results suggested that ACCα gene could be a candidate locus or linked to a major gene that affects abdominal fat content in the chicken.

ASCI-ID: 259-59

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