Research Article
No significant effect of additive ratios of docosahexaenoic acid to eicosapentaenoic acid on the survival and growth of cobia (Rachycentron canadum) juvenile

Z. DING, Y. XU, H. ZHANG, S. WANG, W. CHEN and Z. SUN

Aquaculture Nutrition, 2009, 15(3), 254-261. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2095.2008.00590.x

Abstract

An experiment was conducted in the laboratory to investigate the effects of additive ratios of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on the growth and survival of cobia (Rachycentron canadum) juveniles from August to October 2005. Three hundred and eighty cobia juveniles (56 days of age, body weight 6.9 ± 0.1 g, body length 9.2 ± 0.1 cm) were selected and 20 of them were freely taken for initial sample analysis in the week 0. Additional 360 juveniles were randomly assigned into eight groups with triplicate, total 24 tanks with 15 fish each. Cobia juveniles were reared in glass-steel tanks (200-L volume per tank) using filtered seawater with temperature 26–30.5 °C, salinity 25.4–33.0 g L−1 and pH 7.8–8.0. Cobia juveniles were fed for 8 weeks using seven treatment diets (D-1 to D-7) with the same amount of DHA and EPA (15.0 ± 1.2 g kg−1 of dried diet), but varying ratios of DHA to EPA (0.9, 1.1, 1.3, 1.5, 1.7, 1.9, 2.1, respectively) and a control diet (D-0, DHA + EPA = 8.0 g kg−1 of dried diet, DHA/EPA = 1.3). Five juveniles per tank were randomly taken for sample analysis at the end of weeks 4 and 8, respectively. The highest protein efficiency rate (PER; 1.5 in mean), average body weight (BW; 73.3 g per fish in mean) and the lowest feed conversion ratio (FCR; 1.6 in mean) were obtained in cobia juveniles fed the control diet at the end of week 8. These parameters were significantly different (P < 0.05) among juveniles fed the control and treatment diets; however, no significant difference (P > 0.05) was found among juveniles fed the treatment diets evaluated in this study. It was concluded that the survival and growth of cobia juveniles were not greatly influenced by additive ratios of DHA to EPA in our experimental conditions.

ASCI-ID: 144-34

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