Research Article
Analysis of Genetic Diversity in Bangladeshi Chicken using RAPD Markers

M.B.R. Mollah, F.B. Islam, M.S. Islam, M.A. Ali and M.S. Alam

Biotechnology, 2009, 8(4), 462-467.


Understanding the genetic diversity at molecular level is a prerequisite in developing strategies for effective conservation and utilization of chicken genetic resources. We studied the genetic variation within and between Bangladeshi native (Naked Neck, Frizzle and Non-descriptive indigenous) and exotic (White Leghorn, Rhode Island Red, Commercial layer and broiler) chicken populations by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Four out of the 20 random primers exhibited sufficient variability for studied populations. The four primers yielded a total of 39 distinct bands, 25 of which were polymorphic. Estimation of polymorphic loci, intra-population similarity indices and Nei’s gene diversity suggested that genetic diversities within a population were high in non-descriptive, Frizzle, Naked Neck, Rhode Island Red and White Leghorn chicken populations compared to the commercial layer and broiler populations. The coefficient of gene differentiation (GST = 0.34) and gene flow (Nm = 0.98) values reflected a high level of population differences. UPGMA dendrogram segregated the chicken populations in various degree based on their genetic distance. The overall genetic distance among native chicken was relatively low comparison to the exotic populations. The results of present study might have significant impact on the breeding and conservation of native chicken genetic resources in Bangladesh.

ASCI-ID: 11-521

Cited References Fulltext

Similar Articles

Detection of Genetic Diversity in Trochetia boutoniana using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) Markers

Biotechnology, 2005, 4(4), 267-274.

Molecular Characterization of Potato Germplasm by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers

Biotechnology, 2006, 5(1), 27-31.

Potential Use of Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Marker in Assessment of Genetic Diversity and Identification of Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) Cultivars

Biotechnology, 2006, 5(2), 153-159.

Morphological and Molecular Diversity among Casuarina and Allocasuarina Species

Biotechnology, 2006, 5(3), 301-307.

PCR-Based Genetic Diversity of Rapeseed Germplasm Using RAPD Markers

Biotechnology, 2007, 6(3), 334-338.

Genetic Diversity in Bean Populations Based on Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers

Biotechnology, 2008, 7(1), 1-9.

Genetic Diversity of Tunisian Barley Accessions Based on Microsatellite Markers

Biotechnology, 2008, 7(4), 781-786.

Genetic Diversity of Some Mediterranean Populations of the Cultivated Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) Using ISSR Markers

Biotechnology, 2008, 7(4), 808-812.

Genetic Diversity of Wild and Cultivated Barley Genotypes Under Drought Stress Using RAPD Markers

Biotechnology, 2008, 7(4), 745-750.

Genetic Diversity of Pistachio Tree using Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat Markers ISSR Supported by Morphological and Chemical Markers

Biotechnology, 2009, 8(1), 24-34.

Molecular Characterization of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Landraces Grown in Jordan using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Markers

Biotechnology, 2009, 8(3), 316-322.

Effective Improvement of Genetic Variation in Maize Lines Derived from R08xDonor Backcrosses by SSRs

Biotechnology, 2009, 8(3), 358-364.

Genetic Variation of the Iranian Sclerotinia sclerotiorum Isolates by Standardizing DNA Polymorphic Fragments

Biotechnology, 2010, 9(1), 67-72.

Genetic Variation of Snakehead Fish (Channa striata) Populations Using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA

Biotechnology, 2006, 5(1), 104-110.

DNA Fingerprinting and Genetic Diversity Analysis of Chilli Germplasm Using Microsatellite Markers

Biotechnology, 2014, 13(4), 174-180.

Efficiency of RAPD and ISSR Markers for the Detection of Polymorphisms and Genetic Relationships in Date Palm

Biotechnology, 2017, 16(1), 19-26.

Genetic Diversity of Wild and Cultivated Barley Genotypes Under Drought Stress Using RAPD Markers

Biotechnology, 2008, 7(4), 745-750.

Evaluation of Genetic Variation in Mutants of Senna occidentalis using Protein Pattern and RAPD Markers

Biotechnology, 2011, 10(1), 94-100.

Evaluation of Different Pineapple (Ananas comosus Merr L.) Varieties Using Morphological and Genetic Markers in Mauritius

Biotechnology, 2012, 11(5), 272-279.

Cited By

Identification of Genomic Markers by RAPD-PCR Primer in Leukemia Patients

Biotechnology(Faisalabad), 2010, 9(2), 170. DOI: 10.3923/biotech.2010.170.175

Genetic diversity of Bangladeshi native chickens based on complete sequence of mitochondrial DNA D-loop region

British Poultry Science, 2019, (), 1. DOI: 10.1080/00071668.2019.1655708

Sexual Dimorphism and Breed Characterization of Creole Hens through Biometric Canonical Discriminant Analysis across Ecuadorian Agroecological Areas

Animals, 2019, 10(1), 32. DOI: 10.3390/ani10010032