Antioxidant Amelioration of Dilated Cardiomyopathy Caused by Conditional Deletion of NEMO/IKK{gamma} in Cardiomyocytes

P Kratsios, M Huth, L Temmerman, E Salimova, M Al Banchaabouchi, A Sgoifo, M Manghi, K Suzuki, N Rosenthal and F. Mourkioti

Circulation Research, 2010, 106(1), 133-144. DOI: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.109.202200

Abstract

Rationale: Insight into the function of nuclear factor (NF)-B in the adult heart has been hampered by the embryonic lethality of constitutive NF-B inactivation.

Objective: The goal of the present study was therefore to gain insights into the role of NF-B pathway specifically in mouse cardiomyocytes by conditional deletion of the NF-B essential modulator (NEMO).

Methods and Results: Using a Cre/loxP system, we disrupted the Nemo gene in a cardiomyocyte-specific manner in the heart, which simulated gene expression changes underlying human heart failure and caused adult-onset dilated cardiomyopathy accompanied by inflammation and apoptosis. Pressure overload challenges of NEMO-deficient young hearts precociously induced the functional decrements that develop spontaneously in older knockout animals. Moreover, oxidative stress in NEMO-deficient cardiomyocytes is a critical pathological component that can be attenuated with antioxidant diet in vivo.

Conclusions: These results reveal an essential physiological role for NEMO-mediated signaling in the adult heart to maintain cardiac function in response to age-related or mechanical challenges, in part through modulation of oxidative stress.

ASCI-ID: 1434-174