Search. Read. Cite.

Easy to search. Easy to read. Easy to cite with credible sources.

Research Article
Effect of a Defined Competitive Exclusion Culture for Prophylaxis and Reduction of Horizontal Transmission of Salmonella enteritidis in Broiler Chickens

A.D. Wolfenden, J.L. Vicente, L.R. Bielke, C.M. Pixley, S.E. Higgins, D.J. Donoghue, A.M. Donoghue, B.M. Hargis and G. Tellez

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2007, 6(7), 489-492.

Abstract

Effective Competitive Exclusion (CE) cultures have been shown to accelerate development of normal microflora in chicks and poults, providing increased resistance to infection by some enteric bacterial pathogens. Our objective was to develop a CE culture for prophylaxis and reduced horizontal transmission of Salmonella enteritidis (SE) in broiler chickens. In the present study, seven members of the family Enterobacteriaceae and 2 lactic acid bacteria isolates, each capable of in vitro and in vivo inhibition of SE, were selected and combined to form the putative CE culture. In the first experiment, day-of-hatch chicks were randomly divided into four pens. All treated chicks were orally gavaged with the CE culture and 3 pens were treated with the CE culture in the drinking water for four consecutive days. Treated and control-non treated chicks were challenged with SE on day 4. All 3 groups of birds that were treated with the CE culture had a significant decrease (p<0.05) in cecal colonization compared with non-CE-treated SE-challenged chicks. Two additional experiments were designed to measure the efficacy of the CE culture in reducing SE horizontal transmission from infected to uninfected chicks when commingled. SE was recovered in the cecal tonsils with a significantly lower incidence at days 7 and 14 in Experiment 2 and day 7 in Experiment 3 from the groups that received the CE in the drinking water as compared to controls respectively. These results suggest that a relatively simple and defined CE culture can reduce SE colonization in neonatal chicks.

ASCI-ID: 101-897

Cited References Fulltext

Related Articles


Replacement Value of Cashew-nut Meal for Soyabean Meal in Finishing Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2004, 3(8), 513-516.

Responses of Modern Broiler Chicks to Stocking Density, Green Tea, Commercial Multi Enzymes and Their Interactions on Productive Performance, Carcass Characteristics, Liver Composition and Plasma Constituents

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2004, 3(10), 635-645.

Effects of Ionophorous Anticoccidial Drugs, Salinomycin and Lasalocid, on the Performance of Broiler Chicks and the Relationship of These Drugs to Supplementary Methionine

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2005, 4(11), 911-916.

Effect of Diet Dilution in the Starter Period on Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chicks

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2005, 4(12), 1006-1011.

Effect of Different Levels of Full-Fat Canola Seed as a Replacement for Soybean Meal on the Performance of Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2005, 4(12), 982-985.

Haematology and Serum Biochemistry Characteristics of Broiler Chicks Fed Varying Dietary Levels of Ipomoea asarifolia Leaf Meal

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2006, 5(1), 9-12.

Incubator Temperature and Oxygen Concentration at the Plateau Stage in Oxygen Consumption Affects Intestinal Maturation of Broiler Chicks

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2006, 5(3), 229-240.

Performance of Broiler Chicks (Gallus domesticus) Fed Maize Offal-Based Diets Supplemented with Roxazyme G Enzyme

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2006, 5(7), 607-610.

Effects of Replacement of Soybean Meal with Rapeseed Meal on Organs Weight, Some Blood Biochemical Parameters and Performance of Broiler Chicks

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2006, 5(12), 1110-1115.

Performance of Broiler Chicks Fed Graded Levels of Heat - Treated Bambarra Groundnut [Voandzia subterranean (L) thouars] Offals

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2008, 7(7), 711-714.

Effect of a Lactobacillus Spp-Based Probiotic Culture Product on Broiler Chicks Performance under Commercial Conditions

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2007, 6(3), 154-156.

Effect of Poultry Guard Litter Amendment on Horizontal Transmission of Salmonella enteritidisin Broiler Chicks

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2007, 6(5), 314-317.

Evaluation of Spray Application of a Lactobacillus-based Probiotic on Salmonella enteritidis Colonization in Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2007, 6(7), 493-496.

Effect of Prebiotic (Fermacto) in Low Protein Diet on Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chicks

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2007, 6(9), 661-665.

Immunocompetence of Two Broiler Strains Fed Marginal and High Protein Diets

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2007, 6(12), 901-911.

The Threonine Requirements and its Effects on Growth Performance and Gut Morphology of Broiler Chicken Fed Different Levels of Protein

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2008, 7(12), 1207-1215.

The Effect of Using Fennel Seeds (Foeniculum vulgare L.) on Productive Performance of Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2009, 8(7), 642-644.

Immune Response and Performance of Broiler Chicks Fed Protexin and Propionic Acid

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2010, 9(2), 188-191.

Evaluation of Methiorep as a Substitute for Methionine in Broiler Diets

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2010, 9(8), 809-812.

Effect of Using Date By-product with Enzyme on Performance and Blood Parameter of Broiler

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2010, 9(9), 895-897.

Performance of Various Broiler Chicken Hybrids Fed with Commercially Produced Feed Mixtures

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2010, 9(11), 1076-1082.

Effect of Dietary Supplement Yeast Culture on Production Performance and Hematological Parameters in Broiler Chicks

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2011, 10(5), 376-380.

Effect of a Commercial Yeast-Based Product (Maxigen®) on Intestinal Villi Morphology and Growth Performance of Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(1), 9-14.

Moringa Oleifera Leave: Hydro-Alcoholic Extract and Effects on Growth Performance of Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(7), 401-405.

Broiler Chick Body Weight and Lipid Compositional Changes of the Yolk Sac and Liver as Influenced by Dietary Fat Sources

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(9), 545-549.

Response of Broiler Chicks to Xylanase Supplementation of Corn/Rye Containing Diets Varying in Metabolizable Energy

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(12), 705-713.

Evaluation of the Nutritive Value of Sorghum Variety ICSV400 in Broiler Diets

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2014, 13(6), 329-334.

Quantitative Substitution of Raw Baobab (Adansonia digitata) Seed Meal for Soyabean Meal in Broiler Starter Diet

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2014, 13(6), 335-339.

Effect of Adding Different Dietary Levels of Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS) on Productive Performance of Broiler Chicks

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2015, 14(1), 13-18.

Effects of Feeding Prosopis juliflora Pods with and Without Exogenous Enzyme on Performance, Meat Quality and Health of Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2015, 14(2), 76-88.

Early Female Hatching is Related to Sex Differences in Biochemical and Hematological Parameters

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2016, 15(6), 218-226.

Growth Performance and Haematological and Serological Assessment of Broiler Chickens Fed Thermally Processed Prosopis juliflora Pod-based Diets

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2018, 17(6), 268-279.

Effect of Dietary Supplement of Algae (Spirulina platensis) as an Alternative to Antibiotics on Growth Performance and Health Status of Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2019, 18(12), 576-584.

Comparative Effects of Spray-Dried Plasma and Bacitracin Methylene Disalicylate on Intestinal Development in Broiler Chicks

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2020, 19(4), 161-168.

Effects of Oral Administration of Encapsulated-Leucine on Amino Acid and Plasma Metabolite Profiles in Broiler Chicks During the Starter Phase

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2020, 19(6), 252-256.

Evaluation of Tarsus Pigmentation in Chickens Fed with Different Levels of Xanthophyll Pigment: A Practical Application of the CIELab System

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2020, 19(6), 265-269.

Corrigendum
Effect of Dietary Supplement of Algae (Spirulina platensis) as an Alternative to Antibiotics on Growth Performance and Health Status of Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2021, 20(2), 98-98.

Resistance to Challenge of Breeders and Their Progeny with and Without Competitive Exclusion Treatment to Salmonella Vaccination Programs in Broiler Breeders

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2007, 6(6), 386-392.

Metabolic and Physiological Impact of Probiotics or Direct-Fed-Microbials on Poultry: A Brief Review of Current Knowledge

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2007, 6(10), 694-704.

In vitro Selection of Enteric Microflora for Potential Use as a Competitive Exclusion Culture Against Campylobacter in Poultry

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2011, 10(12), 940-945.

Effect of Poultry Guard Litter Amendment on Horizontal Transmission of Salmonella enteritidisin Broiler Chicks

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2007, 6(5), 314-317.

Litter Treatment with Aluminum Sulfate (Alum) Produced an Inconsistent Reduction in Horizontal Transmission of Campylobacter in Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2017, 16(2), 31-36.