Research Article
Outbreak of Coccidiosis in 5-day Old Commercial Broiler Breeder Flock in Zaria, Nigeria

I.W. Musa, L. Sa`idu, I.D. Jatau, J. Adamu, M.O. Otu and P.A. Abdu

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2010, 9(12), 1112-1115.

Abstract

Field outbreaks of coccidiosis all over the world were commonly reported in chickens over 3-weeks of age. Outbreak of coccidiosis in birds in the first few weeks of life is becoming increasing important but chickens less than 1-week of age appeared not to be susceptible. This case report describes the clinical signs and gross lesions of coccidiosis as well as its microscopic appearance in a five-day old intensively managed broiler breeder chicks. The outbreak occurred in December, 2009 and was characterized by early onset of an acute disease with high mortality. Other clinical features of the disease were: progressive increase and sudden decline of high chick mortality of up to 50%, ruffled feathers, blood stained whitish to brownish diarrhea, weakness and anorexia. Gross lesions seen were congested carcasses, distended caeca and intestinal segments with blood, mucus and tissue debris; retained yolk sac was also observed in some birds. Whole intestines were submitted to the Protozoology and retained yolk sac to Microbiology Laboratories for investigations. A farm visit revealed very poor housing ventilation and wet litter. Laboratory results confirmed coccidian schizonts and gametocytes from caeca and intestinal scrapings. Escherichia coli was isolated from the yolk sac. High hygienic standards must be maintained in hatcheries and poultry houses, damp and warm litter must be avoided and adequate ventilation should always be provided in poultry houses to prevent coccidiosis.

ASCI-ID: 101-1491

Cited References Fulltext

Similar Articles


Comparative Efficacy of Different Feed Additive Anticoccidials in Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2002, 1(6), 185-187.

Prevalence and Economic Losses Due to Infectious Bursal Disease in Broilers in Mirpur and Kotli Districts of Kashmir

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2003, 2(4), 267-270.

Prevalence and Management Issues Associated with Poultry Coccidiosis in Abak Agricultural Zone of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2004, 3(2), 135-139.

Assessment of Economic Impact Caused by Poultry Coccidiosis in Small and Large Scale Poultry Farms in Debre Zeit, Ethiopia

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2004, 3(11), 715-718.

Association Between Coccidia and Intestinal Helminths in Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2008, 7(1), 36-39.

Prevalence and Identification of Species of Eimeria Causing Coccidiosis in Poultry Within Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2008, 7(9), 917-918.

Comparing the Feeding of Fungus Myceliated Grain with Other Anticoccidial Control Measures on Oocyst Excretion of Eimeria Challenged Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2010, 9(7), 648-651.

Development and Evaluation of an Δ aroA / Δ htrA Salmonella enteritidis Vector Expressing Eimeria maxima TRAP Family Protein EmTFP250 with CD 154 (CD 40L) as Candidate Vaccines against Coccidiosis in Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2010, 9(11), 1031-1037.

Evaluation of Quebracho Red Wood (Schinopsis lorentzii) Polyphenolic Vegetable Extract for the Reduction of Coccidiosis in Broiler Chicks

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2011, 10(5), 344-349.

Evaluating Different Vaccine Routes Against Coccidiosis

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2009, 8(10), 980-984.

Effect of Different Mushrooms Fed to Eimeria-Challenged Broilers on Rearing Performance

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2012, 11(7), 433-437.

Effect of Eimeria Infection on Cecal Microbiome of Broilers Fed Essential Oils

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2012, 11(12), 747-755.

High Levels of Zinc Stimulate Different Aspects of Immune System in Broiler Chicks

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(2), 94-97.

Examination of a Novel Practical Poultry Management Method to Enhance the Effect of Live Eimeria Vaccination for Conventionally Housed Replacement Layer Pullets

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(3), 175-184.

Pyrosequencing Analysis of Salinomycin and Eimeria spp. Challenge-Induced Changes in Broiler Cecal Microbial Communities

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(12), 689-697.

Coccidiosis Prevalence and Correlation with Intestinal Health of Broilers in Brazilian Agricultural Industries Between the Years 2012 and 2014

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2015, 14(9), 511-515.

Haplotype Structure and DNA Sequence Variation of the Liver Expressed Antimicrobial Peptide-2 (chLEAP-2) Gene in Chickens challenged with Eimeria maxima

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2017, 16(9), 336-343.

Study of the Correlation Between Intestinal Health and Prevalence of Coccidiosis in Broiler Chickens of Brazilian Agribusinesses Between the Years 2015 and 2016

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2017, 16(10), 381-386.

Occurrence of Necrotic Enteritis (NE) Among Local Chickens Slaughtered at Muda Lawal Market in Bauchi Metropolis, Bauchi State, Nigeria

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2020, 19(11), 498-502.

Aqueous Extracts of Aloe vera and Carica papaya Leaves: Impacts on Coccidiosis, Production and Haematology in Kabir Chickens in Buea, South West Cameroon

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2021, 20(3), 106-115.

Corrigendum
Aqueous Extracts of Aloe vera and Carica papaya Leaves: Impacts on Coccidiosis, Production and Haematology in Kabir Chickens in Buea, South West Cameroon

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2021, 20(3), 145-145.

The Influence of a Quillaja and Yucca Combination on Growth Performance and Lesion Scores of Broilers Administered Chemical Anticoccidials or a Live Coccidiosis Vaccine

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2022, 21(2), 50-56.

Cited By


Prevalence of coccidiosis among village and exotic breed of chickens in Maiduguri, Nigeria

Veterinary World, 2016, 9(6), 653. DOI: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.653-659

Phytotoxicity of Ag nanoparticles prepared by biogenic and chemical methods

International Nano Letters, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s40089-016-0181-z

Immediate pulmonary dysfunction in ischemic heart disease patients undergoing off-pump versus on-pump CABG

Journal of the Egyptian Society of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1016/j.jescts.2016.04.005

Development and performance evaluation of Polydimethyl siloxane/Polysulfone (PDMS/PSF) composite membrane for CO2/CH4separation

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2016, 36(), 012014. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/36/1/012014

A review on palm oil mill biogas plant wastewater treatment using coagulation-ozonation

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2016, 36(), 012029. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/36/1/012029

The potential of papaya leaf extract in controllingGanoderma boninense

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2016, 36(), 012027. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/36/1/012027

An overview of oil palm biomass torrefaction: Effects of temperature and residence time

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2016, 36(), 012038. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/36/1/012038

Characteristics of post-impregnated SBA-15 with 12- Tungstophosphoric acid and its correlation with catalytic activity in selective esterification of glycerol to monolaurate

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2016, 36(), 012037. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/36/1/012037

Preliminary studies on the extraction of Glycospanonins in Tongkat Ali extract

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2016, 36(), 012062. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/36/1/012062

Ammonia-nitrogen removal from urban drainage using modified fresh empty fruit bunches: A case study in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2016, 36(), 012055. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/36/1/012055

Effects of molecular size and chemical factor on plasma gene transfection

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 2016, 55(7S2), 07LG06. DOI: 10.7567/JJAP.55.07LG06

Search for reservoirs of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ and mollicutes in weeds associated with carrot and celery crops

European Journal of Plant Pathology, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s10658-016-0984-9

Diagnosis and control of chicken coccidiosis: a recent update

Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 2018, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s12639-018-1048-1

Comparative evaluation of herbal coccidiostat with chemotherapeutic coccidiostats on performance of broilers to control coccidiosis

Tropical Animal Health and Production, 2020, 52(4), 1985. DOI: 10.1007/s11250-020-02220-x

Controlling the causative agents of coccidiosis in domestic chickens; an eye on the past and considerations for the future

CABI Agriculture and Bioscience, 2021, 2(1), . DOI: 10.1186/s43170-021-00056-5

Effects of synbiotic probiotic and prebiotic supplementation on haematology and serum total proteins of broiler chickens challenged with Eimeria tenella

Comparative Clinical Pathology, 2021, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s00580-021-03305-1