Research Article
A Retrospective Analysis of Infectious Bursal Disease Diagnosed at Poultry Unit of Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria

I.J. Mbuko, W.I. Musa, S. Ibrahim, L. Sa`idu, P.A. Abdu, S.B. Oladele and H.M. Kazeem

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2010, 9(8), 784-790.

Abstract

A five year retrospective study (2004-2008) of the prevalence of Gumboro disease (infectious bursal disease, IBD) and other poultry disease diagnosed at the poultry unit of the Ahmadu Bello University Veterinary Teaching Hospital (ABUVTH), Zaria, Kaduna Nigeria was conducted. A prevalence of 7.26% (107 cases) was recorded out of 1473 cases of poultry disease. Gumboro disease occurred throughout the year in Zaria with a high incidence during the festival periods (July-September, October-December and January-March). The outbreaks of IBD were observed to be 1.3 times more likely to occur in pre-rainy season (April-June). Improved breeds of chickens were 5.8 times more likely to suffer from IBD than free range local chickens with broilers being 5.7 times more likely to suffer from the disease than other type of birds followed by layers kept together with cockerels. The prevalence of IBD is influenced by age of birds with an increase in the likelihood of IBD occurring within the age range of 3-5 week. Birds at 5 weeks old were at highest risk. Chickens with one vaccination history against IBD were 8.2 times more likely to suffer from the disease compared to non-vaccinated chickens. This study recommends that poultry farmers should be encourage to improve on farm biosecurity and ensure that their birds are vaccinated at least twice, before 3 and 5 weeks of age (at 1 and 3 or 2 and 4 weeks of age).

ASCI-ID: 101-1435

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Transition Metal(II) Complexes with Cefotaxime-Derived Schiff Base: Synthesis, Characterization, and Antimicrobial Studies

Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications, 2014, 2014(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2014/926287

Fixed-Term Homotopy

Journal of Applied Mathematics, 2013, 2013(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2013/972704

Trapa bispinosa Roxb.: A Review on Nutritional and Pharmacological Aspects

Advances in Pharmacological Sciences, 2014, 2014(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2014/959830

A Review of the Effects of Major Atmospheric Pollutants on Pollen Grains, Pollen Content, and Allergenicity

The Scientific World Journal, 2015, 2015(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2015/940243

The Application of Classification and Regression Trees for the Triage of Women for Referral to Colposcopy and the Estimation of Risk for Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Study Based on 1625 Cases with Incomplete Data from Molecular Tests

BioMed Research International, 2015, 2015(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2015/914740

A Software Tool for Optimal Sizing of PV Systems in Malaysia

Modelling and Simulation in Engineering, 2012, 2012(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2012/969248

Short-Term Speed Prediction Using Remote Microwave Sensor Data: Machine Learning versus Statistical Model

Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2016, 2016(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2016/9236156

Complete Cervical Avulsion with Intravaginal Misoprostol for Second Trimester Pregnancy Termination

Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2012, 2012(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2012/931497

The Technical Efficiency of Specialised Milk Farms: A Regional View

The Scientific World Journal, 2014, 2014(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2014/985149

Methylobacterium populi VP2: Plant Growth-Promoting Bacterium Isolated from a Highly Polluted Environment for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Biodegradation

The Scientific World Journal, 2014, 2014(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2014/931793

Intrinsic Functional Hypoconnectivity in Core Neurocognitive Networks Suggests Central Nervous System Pathology in Patients with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis: A Pilot Study

Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 2016, 41(3), 283. DOI: 10.1007/s10484-016-9331-3

Comparative Evaluation of Different Test Combinations for Diagnosis of Mycobacterium avium Subspecies paratuberculosis Infecting Dairy Herds in India

BioMed Research International, 2015, 2015(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2015/983978

Neospora caninum and Wildlife

ISRN Parasitology, 2013, 2013(), 1. DOI: 10.5402/2013/947347

Bhanupaka: A Green Process in the Preparation of an Indian Ayurvedic Medicine, Lauha Bhasma

Journal of Chemistry, 2013, 2013(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2013/951951

Effect of Cinnamon Tea on Postprandial Glucose Concentration

Journal of Diabetes Research, 2015, 2015(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2015/913651

Enhancing Energy Efficiency of Wireless Sensor Network through the Design of Energy Efficient Routing Protocol

Journal of Sensors, 2016, 2016(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2016/9278701

Dependency of Microalgal Production on Biomass and the Relationship to Yield and Bioreactor Scale-up for Biofuels: a Statistical Analysis of 60+ Years of Algal Bioreactor Data

BioEnergy Research, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s12155-016-9787-2

Essential Oil Constituents and Yields from Leaves of Blepharocalyx salicifolius (Kunt) O. Berg and Myracrodruon urundeuva (Allemão) Collected during Daytime

International Journal of Forestry Research, 2014, 2014(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2014/982576

Global Fluoroquinolone Resistance Epidemiology and Implictions for Clinical Use

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases, 2012, 2012(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2012/976273

Saliva-Based Biosensors: Noninvasive Monitoring Tool for Clinical Diagnostics

BioMed Research International, 2014, 2014(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2014/962903

Pattern of Breast Cancer Distribution in Ghana: A Survey to Enhance Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Treatment

International Journal of Breast Cancer, 2016, 2016(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2016/3645308

Trypanosoma Infection Rates in Glossina Species in Mtito Andei Division, Makueni County, Kenya

Journal of Parasitology Research, 2015, 2015(), 1. DOI: 10.1155/2015/607432

Characterization of field infectious bursal disease viruses in Zambia: evidence of co-circulation of multiple genotypes with predominance of very virulent strains

Avian Pathology, 2018, (), 1. DOI: 10.1080/03079457.2018.1449941

Combination of TLR2 and TLR3 agonists derepress infectious bursal disease virus vaccine-induced immunosuppression in the chicken

Scientific Reports, 2019, 9(1), . DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-44578-5

Infectious Bursal Disease Virus: Molecular Epidemiologic Perspectives and Impact on Vaccine Efficacy Against Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease Viruses

Avian Diseases, 2019, 63(4), 606. DOI: 10.1637/aviandiseases-D-19-00086

A systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of infectious diseases of Duck: A world perspective

Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 2021, (), . DOI: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.05.034

Functional prediction of de novo uni-genes from chicken transcriptomic data following infectious bursal disease virus at 3-days post-infection

BMC Genomics, 2021, 22(1), . DOI: 10.1186/s12864-021-07690-3