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Research Article
Anticoccidial Effect of a Negilla sativa Seed-based Diet on Eimeria tenella Infection in Chickens

Latif Ibrahim Kadhim

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2017, 16(8), 323-327.

Abstract

Background and Objective: Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) infection is one of the most common and widely distributed parasitic diseases in chickens. Anticoccidial agents are used to treat the disease; however, due to the rise of drug-resistant strains and the ban of anticoccidials in many countries, alternative treatments are necessary. This study was conducted to analyze the effectiveness of Nigella sativa crushed seeds and ionophore salinomycin on E. tenella infection in broiler chickens. Methodology: One hundred one-day-old broiler chicks were divided into 4 equal groups. Group 1 (G1) was fed a basal anticoccidial-free diet containing 1% crushed Nigella sativa seeds and Group 2 (G2) was fed a basal diet containing 60 g t–1 of salinomycin for 35 days. Groups 3 (G3) and Group 4 (G4) were fed the basal diet only. G1, G2 and G3 were challenged with 1×104 sporulated oocysts of E. tenella and G4 served as the unchallenged control group. Results: The results revealed significant increases in glutathione (GSH) concentration, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities at days 28 and 35 in G1 compared to G3 group. Nevertheless, a significant decrease in plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) was found in G1, G2 and G4 following the E. tenella challenge. Furthermore, G1 had significantly minor intestinal lesions scores and lower oocyte shedding compared to G3. Conclusion: It is concluded that Nigella sativa can be used to prevent and monitor avian Coccidiosis.

ASCI-ID: 101-2264

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International Journal of Poultry Science, 2012, 11(3), 190-195.

A Nutritional Approach to the Use of Anticoccidial Vaccines in Broilers: Glutamine Utilization in Critical Stages of Immunity Acquisition

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2012, 11(4), 243-246.

Evaluation of Herbal Methionine Source in Broiler Diets

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2012, 11(4), 247-250.

Effect of Dietary Raw Chick Pea (Cicer arietinum L.) Seeds on Broiler Performance and Blood Constituents

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2012, 11(4), 294-297.

Effect of Adding Various Organic Acids During the Feed Withdrawal Period on Salmonella Reduction in Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2012, 11(7), 482-487.

Influence of Extrusion of White Lupins (Lupinus albus L.) on the Apparent Metabolizable Energy and Ileal Nutrient Digestibility for Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2012, 11(9), 565-569.

Effect of Phytase Supplementation on the Digestibility of Crude Protein, Amino Acids and Phosphorus of Cowpea (Vignia unguiculata) in Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(1), 45-50.

Effect of Nipple Type Drinker Height on Productive Parameters of Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(3), 144-147.

The TMEn, Proximate Analysis, Amino Acid Content and Amino Acid Digestibility of Glandless and Commercial Cottonseed Meal for Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(4), 212-216.

Effect of Graded Levels of Baobab (Adansonia digitata) Seed Meal on the Growth Performance and Production Economic Analysis of Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(5), 273-276.

Effects of Thermostable Phytase Supplementation on the Growth Performance and Nutrient Digestibility of Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(8), 441-444.

Effect of Including Some Insects as Feed Supplement on Broilers Reared in Zimbabwe

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2014, 13(1), 42-46.

Effect of Partially Protected Sodium Butyrate on Performance, Digestive Organs, Intestinal Villi and E. coli Development in Broilers Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2014, 13(7), 390-396.

Reducing the Toxicity of Aflatoxin in Broiler Chickens' Diet by Using Probiotic and Yeast

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2014, 13(7), 397-407.

Effects of Yellow Grease Addition to Broiler Rations Containing DDGS with Different Fat Contents

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2014, 13(8), 437-441.

Microbial Evaluation of Cecure®1-Treated (Post-Chill) Raw Poultry Carcasses and Cut-up Parts in Four Commercial Broiler Processing Facilities

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2015, 14(3), 120-126.

Effect of Indigenous Probiotics Lactic Acid Bacteria on the Small Intestinal Histology Structure and the Expression of Mucins in the Ileum of Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2015, 14(5), 276-278.

Feeding Broilers on Finisher Diet of Low Trace Mineral Levels and its Effect upon Performance, Carcass Characteristics, Mineral Excretion and Net Profit

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2015, 14(6), 338-342.

Effects of Pluchea indica Less Leaf Extract and Chlorine to Hematological Profiles of Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2015, 14(10), 584-588.

Vaccination Against Infectious Bursal Disease Virus (IBDV) in Broiler Birds in Mozambique: Are We Doing Enough?

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2015, 14(12), 644-646.

Detection of Antimicrobial Phenotypes, β-Lactamase Encoding Genes and Class I Integrons in Salmonella Serovars Isolated from Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2016, 15(1), 1-7.

Effects of Ascaridia galli Infection in Two Breeds of Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2016, 15(2), 72-75.

Effects of Increasing Inclusion Rates of a Low-Fat Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles (LF-DDGS) in Finishing Broiler Diets

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2016, 15(5), 182-187.

Effects of Light Sources and Intensity on Broilers Grown to Heavy Weights: Hematophysiological and Biochemical Assessment

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2016, 15(10), 384-393.

Comparison of Raising Broiler Chickens Under Light Emitting Diode or Incandescent Light at Differing Intensities on Growth, Stress and Fear

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2016, 15(11), 425-431.

Interactive Effects of Ambient Temperature and Light Sources at High Relative Humidity on Growth Performance and Blood Physiological Variables in Broilers Grown to 42 Day of Age

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2016, 15(10), 394-400.

Effect of Dietary Supplementation with a Plant Extract Blend on the Growth Performance, Lipid Profile, Immune Response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2017, 16(7), 248-256.

Effects of Light Ingress through Ventilation Fan Apertures on Selected Blood Variables of Male Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2017, 16(8), 288-295.

Effect of Dietary Inclusion of a Plant Extract Blend on Broiler Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Caecal Microflora and Intestinal Histomorphology

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2017, 16(9), 344-353.

Evaluation of Haematological Responses and Blood Biochemical Parameters of Heat-stressed Broilers with Dietary Supplementation of Javanese Ginger Powder (Curcuma xanthorrhiza) and Garlic Extract (Allium sativum)

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2018, 17(9), 452-458.

Effect of Dietary Supplementation with Differing Levels of Moringa oleifera Leaf Meal on the Productivity and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2018, 17(11), 536-542.

Effects of Increasing Concentrations of Maize-Expressed Non-Starch Carbohydrase Enzyme on Broiler Growth Performance and Ileal Nutrient Digestibility

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2018, 17(11), 543-551.

Evaluation of Cocktail NSPase Inclusion in Reduced-Energy Corn-soybean Meal Diets on Live Growth Performance and Carcass Yield of Male Broilers

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2018, 17(12), 610-619.

Evaluation of the Antibiotic Properties of Probiotics and their Efficacy on Performance and Immune Response in Broiler Chicken

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2019, 18(8), 393-403.

Effects of Canola Oil on Fatty Acids and Biochemical Traits of Blood Plasma in Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2020, 19(1), 37-41.

Performance of Heat-Stressed Broilers Supplemented with Dietary Choline and Betaine

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2020, 19(6), 282-293.

1 Part 1: Biochemical and Enzymatical Variables">Effect of Stocking Density and Dietary Antimicrobial Inclusion of Male Broilers Grown to 35 Days of Age1 Part 1: Biochemical and Enzymatical Variables

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2020, 19(9), 403-410.

Effect of Stocking Density and Dietary Antimicrobial Inclusion of Male Broilers Grown to 35 Days of Age Part 2: Blood Physiological Variables

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2020, 19(10), 447-454.

Effect of Enogen® Feed Corn on Pelleting Characteristics of a Poultry Diet and Subsequent Broiler Growth Performance and Carcass Traits*

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2021, 20(3), 116-122.

Immunonutrition of Broilers Challenged with Eimeria spp. and Fed with Organic Acids as an Alternative to Chemotherapeutics

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2021, 20(4), 165-172.

Characterization of Microneme-2 (EtMIC-2) Gene of Eimeria tenella Guangdong Strain

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2003, 2(2), 133-138.

Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) Study of the Oocyst of Eimeria tenella

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2010, 9(11), 1050-1055.

Efficacy of Eimeria tenella (Oocyst and Sporozoite) Proteins as a Vaccine in Broilers Against Coccidiosis

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(3), 157-163.

Immunization of Broiler with Dead Sporozoites as Vaccine Against Eimeria tenella Parasite

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(5), 280-288.

Immune Responses to Eimeria tenella Sporozoite Protein as Vaccine to Broiler Against Coccidiosis

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2013, 12(10), 582-589.

Saponin Content of Sapindus rarak Pericarp Affected by Particle Size and Type of Solvent, its Biological Activity on Eimeria tenella Oocysts

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2014, 13(6), 347-352.

Changes in Sporulation, Packed Cell Volume, Malondialdehyde Level, Fecal Oocyst Count and Histopathology of Eimeria tenella-infected Broilers Treated with Pineapple (Ananas comosus) Crude Extracts

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2017, 16(5), 189-195.

Effect of Feeding Different Levels of Nigella sativa Seeds (Black Cumin) on Performance, Blood Constituents and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chicks

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2008, 7(7), 715-721.

Effects of a Phytogenic Feed Additive Versus an Antibiotic Feed Additive on Oxidative Stress in Broiler Chicks and a Possible Mechanism Determined by Electron Spin Resonance

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2014, 13(2), 62-69.

Effect of Allopurinol and Inosine Administration on Xanthine Oxidoreductase Gene Expression in Selected Tissues of Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2015, 14(1), 37-43.

Hepatoprotective and Immunostimulatory Effect of Ganoderma, Andrographolide and Turmeric Against Aflatoxicosis in Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2017, 16(7), 281-287.

Effect of Gallotannoids on the Productive Performance and Stress Index of Broiler Chickens under Stress Conditions

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2019, 18(2), 63-68.

Role of Pomegranate Peels and Black Pepper Powder and Their Mixture in Alleviating the Oxidative Stress in Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2019, 18(3), 122-128.

Protective Effect of Urtica dioica Seeds’ Extract in Experimental Chronic Aflatoxicosis in Broiler Chickens

International Journal of Poultry Science, 2021, 20(6), 256-269.