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Research Article
Land Suitability Evaluation for Surface, Sprinkle and Drip Irrigation Methods in Fakkeh Plain, Iran

A. Landi, S. Boroomand-Nasab, M. Behzad, M.R. Tondrow, M. Albaji and A. Jazaieri

Journal of Applied Sciences, 2008, 8(20), 3646-3653.

Abstract

The main objective of this research is to compare different irrigation methods based upon a parametric evaluation system in an area of 43700 ha in the Fakkeh region located in Elam Province, West Iran. Soil properties of the study area including texture, depth, electrical conductivity, drainage, calcium carbonate content and slope were derived from a semi-detailed soil study regarding Fakkeh plain in a scale of 1:20000. After analyzing and evaluating soil properties, suitability maps were generated for surface, sprinkle and drip Irrigation methods by means of Remote Sensing (RS) Technique and Geographic Information System (GIS). The results showed that 1715 ha (3.93%) of the studied area were highly suitable for surface irrigation method whereas 7365 ha (16.86%) of the study area highly suitable for sprinkle irrigation methods. Also, it was found that 28190 ha (64.51%) of the study area were highly suitable for drip irrigation methods while some land units coded 1.1, 7.1 and 4.1 covering an area of 9335 ha (21.36%) were not suitable to be used for surface irrigation systems and one land unit coded 7.1 with an area of 735 ha (1.68%) was classified as unsuitable for sprinkle and drip irrigation systems. The results demonstrated that by applying drip irrigation method instead of surface and sprinkle irrigation methods, land suitability classes of 36790 ha (84.19%) for Fakkeh Plain will improve. Also, by applying sprinkle Irrigation instead of surface and drip irrigation methods, land suitability classes of 6945 ha (15.89%) of this plain will improve. The comparison of the different types of irrigation techniques revealed that the drip irrigation was more effective and efficient than the surface and sprinkle irrigation methods for improving the suitability to the irrigation purposes. Also, the sprinkle irrigation was more useful than surface irrigation method. Additionally, the main limiting factor in using surface and sprinkle irrigation methods in this area was soil texture and the main limiting factor in using drip irrigation methods was soil calcium carbonate content.

ASCI-ID: 35-2570

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