F. Hamzah, A. Idris, R. Rashid and S.J. Ming
Journal of Applied Sciences, 2009, 9(17), 3086-3091.
Microwave-alkali (MW-A) pre-treated EFB consisting of 74% cellulose, 16% hemicellulose and 8% lignin was subjected to Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation (SSF) of lactic acid using Rhizopus oryzae NRRL 395. Two different morphologies of Rhizopus were studied for SSF of lactic acids; i.e., the clump and pellet form. Aspect Ratio (AR) was introduced to classify the pellet morphology, since cultivation of Rhizopus sp. produced non-uniform size pellets. Pellet with AR = 1 indicated a perfect pellet, while AR = 1.5 represented an ellipsoidal pellet. The AR of Rhizopus pellet used in the SSF was controlled to 1. The results showed that lactic acid production from MW-A pre-treated EFB using pellet exhibits higher lactate yield as compared to the clump Rhizopus. The lactate yield was 0.77 g g-1 EFB used after 96 h cultivation. Meanwhile, productivity of the lactic acid obtained from SSF of MW-A pre-treated EFB using pellet (AR = 1), clump (AR = 1.5) and pellet (AR = 1.5) Rhizopus oryzae NRRL 395 were 0.12, 0.089, 0.099 g L-1, respectively.
Journal of Applied Sciences, 2012, 12(13), 1408-1412.Pretreatment of Wood Biomass with Ionic Liquids: A "Green" Approach to Separate Cellulose for Use in Oilfield Application
Journal of Applied Sciences, 2015, 15(3), 531-537.Parametric and Adsorption Kinetic Studies of Reactive Black 5 Removal from Textile Simulated Wastewater Using Oil Palm (Elais guineensis) Empty Fruit Bunch
Journal of Applied Sciences, 2015, 15(8), 1103-1111.Stability and Demulsification of Water-in-Crude Oil (w/o) Emulsions Via Microwave Heating
Journal of Applied Sciences, 2006, 6(8), 1698-1702.A Comparative Study on Emulsion Demulsification by Microwave Radiation and Conventional Heating
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Journal of Applied Sciences, 2011, 11(16), 2898-2906.Image Enhancement by Microwave Double Irradiation for Early Diagnosis of Breast Carcinoma
Journal of Applied Sciences, 2011, 11(15), 2830-2836.Water-in-Crude Oil Emulsions: Its Stabilization and Demulsification
Journal of Applied Sciences, 2007, 7(22), 3512-3517.Optimization of Lipase Production by a Rhizopus MR12 in Shake Culture
Journal of Applied Sciences, 2007, 7(6), 855-860.
Energy Conversion and Management, 2017, 136(), 50. DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.01.004Lactic acid production from Sophora flavescens residues pretreated with sodium hydroxide: reutilization of the pretreated liquor during fermentation
Bioresource Technology, 2017, (), . DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.06.005Oil palm empty fruit bunches a promising substrate for succinic acid production via simultaneous saccharification and fermentation
Renewable Energy, 2017, (), . DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2017.07.113Chemical Compound Evaluation of Polylactic Acid from L(+)-Lactic Acid Monomer Obtained through Cassava Fermentation by <i>Rhizopus oryzae</i>
Advanced Materials Research, 2015, 1113(), 523. DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.1113.523Pretreatment methods for an effective conversion of oil palm biomass into sugars and high-value chemicals
Biomass and Bioenergy, 2021, 144(), 105901. DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2020.105901Alkaline Chemistry and Applications [Working Title]
Alkaline Chemistry and Applications [Working Title], 2021, (), . DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.96394Mucoromycota fungi as powerful cell factories for modern biorefinery
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2021, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s00253-021-11720-1