Search. Read. Cite.

Easy to search. Easy to read. Easy to cite with credible sources.

Research Article
Purification of Crude Glycerol from Transesterification RBD Palm Oil over Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysts for the Biolubricant Preparation

W.N.R.W. Isahak, M. Ismail, M.A. Yarmo, J.M. Jahim and J. Salimon

Journal of Applied Sciences, 2010, 10(21), 2590-2595.

Abstract

Crude glycerol samples used in this study consisted of crude glycerol (CG1) produced from homogeneous catalyst (NaOH) obtained from Golden Hope biodiesel plant and crude glycerol (CG2) as a product of heterogeneous catalysed transesterification RBD palm oil using KOH/Al2O3 catalyst. KOH/Al2O3 catalyst was produced by wet impregnation method and characterized by using BET, XRD and SEM-EDX methods. 15% KOH/ Al2O3 has BET surface area of 26.1 m2 g-1 compared with 100.4 m2 g-1 for fresh Al2O3. The first purification stage of the crude glycerol was achieved by employing the neutralization method followed by microfiltration and ion exchange resins methods. Inorganic salts as a result of the neutralization with 85% v/v phosphoric acid were filtered using syringe filter 0.45 μm. Only glycerol peak could be detected using a Dionex C-18 column in the HPLC indicating that the neutralization step enabled the removal of excess homogeneous catalyst as well as the unreacted free fatty acids in the crude glycerol samples. The free ions from salt and catalyst were then eliminated through ion exchange process using Amberlite resins to produce higher glycerol purity. The samples were also analyzed using FTIR to check on their purity level and to detect any impurity that may still exist. The products of this 3-step purification method were deemed comparable to that of a commercial pure glycerol based on the viscosity, pH value, free fatty acid value, moisture content and density rendering them as competitive feedstock for the biolubricant production.

ASCI-ID: 35-3693

Cited References Fulltext

Cited By


Transesterification of Palm Oil by using Ionic Liquids as a New Potential Catalyst

Trends in Applied Sciences Research, 2011, 6(9), 1055. DOI: 10.3923/tasr.2011.1055.1062

Characterisation and performance of three promising heterogeneous catalysts in transesterification of palm oil

Chemical Papers, 2011, (), . DOI: 10.2478/s11696-011-0125-z

Obtaining monoglycerides by esterification of glycerol with palmitic acid using some high activity preparations of Candida antarctica lipase B

Process Biochemistry, 2011, (), . DOI: 10.1016/j.procbio.2011.12.009

Purification of crude glycerol using a sequential physico-chemical treatment, membrane filtration, and activated charcoal adsorption

Separation and Purification Technology, 2016, 168(), 101. DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2016.05.030

An Investigation of the Differences in Creativity of Preschool Children according to Gender, Age and Kindergarten Type in Jordan

Gifted and Talented International, 2014, 29(1-2), 33. DOI: 10.1080/15332276.2014.11678427

Efficacy of Five Herbicides for Weed Control in Rain-Fed Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.)

Weed Technology, 2016, 30(2), 448. DOI: 10.1614/WT-D-15-00125.1

Removal of lead by adsorption with the renewable biopolymer composite of feather (Dromaius novaehollandiae) and chitosan (Agaricus bisporus)

Environmental Technology & Innovation, 2016, 6(), 11. DOI: 10.1016/j.eti.2016.04.004

Petri-net based modeling and queuing analysis for resource-oriented cooperation of emergency response actions

Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 2016, 102(), 567. DOI: 10.1016/j.psep.2016.05.013

An UML+Z Framework For Validating And Verifying the Static Aspect of Safety Critical System

Procedia Computer Science, 2016, 85(), 352. DOI: 10.1016/j.procs.2016.05.243

Assessment of the impact of Aluminum on germination, early growth and free proline content in Lactuca sativa L.

Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2016, 131(), 151. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2016.05.014

Advanced silica/polymer composites: Materials and applications

Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 2016, 38(), 1. DOI: 10.1016/j.jiec.2016.04.016

Gas flaring and resultant air pollution: A review focusing on black carbon

Environmental Pollution, 2016, 216(), 182. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.05.075

Rol genes enhance the biosynthesis of antioxidants in Artemisia carvifolia Buch

BMC Plant Biology, 2016, 16(1), . DOI: 10.1186/s12870-016-0811-7

Genetic Effects Conferring Heat Tolerance in a Cross of Tolerant × Susceptible Maize (Zea mays L.) Genotypes

Frontiers in Plant Science, 2016, 7(), . DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2016.00729

Rheological and Thermal Properties of Selected Brazilian Honeys from Various Floral Origins

Journal of Texture Studies, 2016, 47(3), 208. DOI: 10.1111/jtxs.12174

Short-term prediction of traffic parameters-performance comparison of a data-driven and less-data-required approaches

Journal of Advanced Transportation, 2016, 50(4), 647. DOI: 10.1002/atr.1368

Chemical Clogging of Emitters and Evaluation of Their Suitability for Saline Water Drip Irrigation

Irrigation and Drainage, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1002/ird.1972

Positioning food safety in Halal assurance

Food Control, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2016.05.059

Morphological and morphometric evaluation of silver barb, Barbodes gonionotus (Bleeker, 1849) sperm supplemented with antibiotics

Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 2016, 32(3), 480. DOI: 10.1111/jai.12960

Morphometric differentiation between two juvenile tuna species [Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) and Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque, 1810)] from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 2016, 32(3), 516. DOI: 10.1111/jai.13090

Alterations in juvenile diploid and triploid African catfish skin gelatin yield and amino acid composition: Effects of chlorpyrifos and butachlor exposures

Environmental Pollution, 2016, 215(), 170. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.05.014

Criteria and indicator approach of global sustainability assessment system for sustainable landscaping using native plants in Qatar

Ecological Indicators, 2016, 69(), 381. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.05.003

Types and extent of fishing gear losses and their causes in the artisanal fisheries of Istanbul, Turkey

Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 2016, 32(3), 432. DOI: 10.1111/jai.13046

New agro-technology to increase productivity of chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.)

Industrial Crops and Products, 2016, 89(), 10. DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.04.072

Bioactive compounds isolated from Petroselinum crispum L. leaves using bioguided fractionation

Industrial Crops and Products, 2016, 89(), 207. DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.05.020

Effects of β-xylanase and 6-phytase on digestibility, trace mineral utilisation and growth in juvenile red tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) x O. mossambicus (Peters, 1852), fed declining fishmeal diets

Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 2016, 32(3), 471. DOI: 10.1111/jai.13055

A novel D2EHPA-based synergistic extraction system for the recovery of chromium (III)

Chemical Engineering Journal, 2016, 302(), 233. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2016.05.063

Towards single layer quantum-dot cellular automata adders based on explicit interaction of cells

Journal of Computational Science, 2016, 16(), 8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jocs.2016.02.005

Effect of energy matrices on life cycle cost analysis of passive solar stills

Solar Energy, 2016, 134(), 9. DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2016.04.039

Immobilization of pectinase on reusable polymer support for clarification of apple juice

Food and Bioproducts Processing, 2016, 99(), 12. DOI: 10.1016/j.fbp.2016.03.004

Mixing of complex fluids with flat and pitched bladed impellers: Effect of blade attack angle and shear-thinning behaviour

Food and Bioproducts Processing, 2016, 99(), 71. DOI: 10.1016/j.fbp.2016.04.004

Microencapsulation of flaxseed oil in flaxseed protein and flaxseed gum complex coacervates

Food Research International, 2016, 86(), 1. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2016.05.015

Compressive strength, porosity and sorptivity of ultra fine slag based high strength concrete

Construction and Building Materials, 2016, 120(), 48. DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.05.090

Guidelines for palivizumab prophylaxis in infants and young children at increased risk for respiratory syncytial virus infection in Saudi Arabia

International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 2016, 3(1), 38. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpam.2015.11.005

Biodegradation of catechol by free and immobilized cells of Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain 15DKVB isolated from paper and pulp industrial effluents

Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 2016, 7(), 36. DOI: 10.1016/j.bcab.2016.05.003

A novel M-shape electrochemical aptasensor for ultrasensitive detection of tetracyclines

Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 2016, 85(), 509. DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2016.05.048

Facile synthesis of highly dispersed and thermally stable copper-based nanoparticles supported on SBA-15 occluded with P123 surfactant for catalytic applications

Journal of Catalysis, 2016, 339(), 270. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcat.2016.04.004

Adsorption efficiency of poly(ethylene glycol)/chitosan/CNT blends for maltene fraction separation

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2016, 23(11), 11240. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-016-6225-0

Phytoremediation of crude oil-contaminated soil employing Crotalaria pallida Aiton

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2016, 23(11), 10595. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-016-6227-y

Induction of Apoptosis in MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells by Sri Lankan Endemic Mango (Mangifera zeylanica ) Fruit Peel through Oxidative Stress and Analysis of its Phytochemical Constituents

Journal of Food Biochemistry, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1111/jfbc.12294

Ethanol, feed components and fungal biomass production from field bean (Vicia faba var. equina) seeds in an integrated process

Bioresource Technology, 2016, 216(), 69. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2016.05.055

Adsorption of reactive blue 21 and reactive red 141 from aqueous solutions onto hydrotalcite

Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2016, 4(3), 2617. DOI: 10.1016/j.jece.2016.04.039

Preparation of cellulose composites with in situ generated copper nanoparticles using leaf extract and their properties

Carbohydrate Polymers, 2016, 150(), 32. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.04.121

Improved immune response to an attenuated pseudorabies virus vaccine by ginseng stem-leaf saponins (GSLS) in combination with thimerosal (TS)

Antiviral Research, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2016.05.018

Batch growth kinetic studies for elimination of phenol and cyanide using mixed microbial culture

Journal of Water Process Engineering, 2016, 11(), 130. DOI: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2016.04.006

The decline of the itinerant milpa and the maintenance of traditional agrobiodiversity: Crops and weeds coexistence in a tropical cloud forest area in Oaxaca, Mexico

Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 2016, 228(), 30. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2016.05.002

Micromechanical modelling of oil palm empty fruit bunch fibres containing silica bodies

Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 2016, 62(), 106. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2016.04.043

Improving enantioselectivity of lipase from Candida rugosa by carrier-bound and carrier-free immobilization

Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic, 2016, 130(), 32. DOI: 10.1016/j.molcatb.2016.04.006

Post-harvest treatment of cherry tomatoes by gamma radiation: Microbial and physicochemical parameters evaluation

Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies, 2016, 36(), 1. DOI: 10.1016/j.ifset.2016.05.008

Metabolic variations in different citrus rootstock cultivars associated with different responses to Huanglongbing

Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 2016, 107(), 33. DOI: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2016.05.030

Greenhouse gas emission from direct seeded paddy fields under different soil water potentials in Eastern India

Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 2016, 228(), 111. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2016.05.007

Ring opening of hydrocarbons for diesel and aromatics production: Design of heterogeneous catalytic systems

Fuel, 2016, 181(), 618. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2016.05.024

Development of nanoemulsions containing a polyoxide surfactant and asphaltenes dispersant

Fuel, 2016, 181(), 64. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2016.04.077

Highly selective acetalization of glycerol with acetone to solketal over acidic carbon-based catalysts from biodiesel waste

Fuel, 2016, 181(), 46. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2016.04.083

Geochemical investigation of dry- and wet-deposited dust during the same dust-storm event in Harbin, China: Constraint on provenance and implications for formation of aeolian loess

Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 2016, 120(), 43. DOI: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2016.01.025

Simultaneous solvent extraction and transesterification of jatropha oil for biodiesel production, and potential application of the obtained cakes for binderless particleboard

Fuel, 2016, 181(), 870. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2016.05.038

Cob, a vernacular earth construction process in the context of modern sustainable building

Building and Environment, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.06.009

Degradation of synthetic pollutants in real wastewater using laccase encapsulated in core–shell magnetic copper alginate beads

Bioresource Technology, 2016, 216(), 203. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2016.05.077

Brassinosteroid Modifies Growth and Essential Oil Production in Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.)

Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s00344-016-9614-1

Use of mobile LiDAR in road information inventory: a review

International Journal of Image and Data Fusion, 2016, 7(3), 219. DOI: 10.1080/19479832.2016.1188860

Stakeholders’ knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) towards aflatoxins contamination in peanut-based products

Food Control, 2016, 70(), 249. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2016.05.058

Effect of aqueous extract of Moringa oleifera leaves on pharmacological models of epilepsy and anxiety in mice

International Journal of Epilepsy, 2016, 3(1), 12. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijep.2016.02.001

Mapping potential freshwater services, and their representation within Protected Areas (PAs), under conditions of sparse data. Pilot implementation for Cambodia

Global Ecology and Conservation, 2016, 7(), 107. DOI: 10.1016/j.gecco.2016.05.007

Sustainability and process control: A survey and perspective

Journal of Process Control, 2016, 44(), 184. DOI: 10.1016/j.jprocont.2016.06.002

Preparation and thermal energy storage properties of d-Mannitol/expanded graphite composite phase change material

Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 2016, 155(), 141. DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2016.06.003

Antioxidant Activity of Pomegranate Juice and Punicalagin

Natural Science, 2016, 08(06), 235. DOI: 10.4236/ns.2016.86028

Comprehensive Mineral Nutrition Analysis of Watermelon Grafted onto Two Different Rootstocks

Horticultural Plant Journal, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1016/j.hpj.2016.06.003

Endophytic bacteria from Datura metel for plant growth promotion and bioprotection against Fusarium wilt in tomato

Biocontrol Science and Technology, 2016, 26(8), 1139. DOI: 10.1080/09583157.2016.1188264

A novel broadband terahertz filter for photonic crystal

Journal of Modern Optics, 2016, 63(17), 1688. DOI: 10.1080/09500340.2016.1167978

Antibacterial activity of Miswak Salvadora persica extracts against isolated and genetically identified oral cavity pathogens

Technology and Health Care, 2016, 24(s2), S841. DOI: 10.3233/THC-161214

The role of absorptive capacity in Chinese firms

Measuring Business Excellence, 2016, 20(2), 1. DOI: 10.1108/MBE-11-2014-0047

Correlations between emulsification behaviors of crude oil-water systems and crude oil compositions

Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2016, 146(), 1. DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2016.04.010

In vitro antioxidant activities of resveratrol, cinnamaldehyde and their synergistic effect against cyadox-induced cytotoxicity in rabbit erythrocytes

Drug and Chemical Toxicology, 2016, (), 1. DOI: 10.1080/01480545.2016.1193866

Potential applications of crude glycerol in polymer technology–Current state and perspectives

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2016, 66(), 449. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.08.020

Roles of monoaminergic, antioxidant defense and neuroendocrine systems in antidepressant-like effect of Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC (Connaraceae) in rats

Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 2016, 83(), 340. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopha.2016.06.054

Optimal Ordering Policy for Deteriorating Items Under Price Sensitive Demand Scheme

International Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s40819-016-0226-z

Protective effects of Solanum cernuum extract against chromosomal and genomic damage induced by methyl methanesulfonate in Swiss mice

Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 2016, 83(), 1111. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopha.2016.08.027

Prediction of Scylla olivacea (Crustacea; Brachyura) peptide hormones using publicly accessible transcriptome shotgun assembly (TSA) sequences

General and Comparative Endocrinology, 2016, 230-231(), 1. DOI: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2016.03.008

Influence of low or high density corn and soybean meal-based diets and protease supplementation on growth performance, apparent digestibility, blood characteristics and noxious gas emission of finishing pigs

Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2016, 216(), 281. DOI: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.04.003

Effect of feeding different levels of palm kernel cake fermented by Paenibacillus polymyxa ATCC 842 on nutrient digestibility, intestinal morphology, and gut microflora in broiler chickens

Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2016, 216(), 216. DOI: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.03.019

Dietary peroxidized maize oil affects the growth performance and antioxidant status of nursery pigs

Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2016, 216(), 251. DOI: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.03.027

Exploration of microwave dielectric and near infrared spectroscopy with multivariate data analysis for fat content determination in ground beef

Food Control, 2016, 68(), 260. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2016.03.031

Identification of meat origin in food products–A review

Food Control, 2016, 68(), 379. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2016.04.013

The occurrence and effect of unit operations for dairy products processing on the fate of aflatoxin M1: A review

Food Control, 2016, 68(), 310. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2016.04.007

Isolating non-O1/non-O39 Vibrio cholerae from Chironomus transvaalensis larvae and exuviae collected from polluted areas in Lake Manzala, Egypt

Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 2016, 19(2), 545. DOI: 10.1016/j.aspen.2016.05.007

Nutritional value and chemical composition of larvae, pupae, and adults of worker honey bee, Apis mellifera ligustica as a sustainable food source

Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 2016, 19(2), 487. DOI: 10.1016/j.aspen.2016.03.008

One-pot fabrication of silver nanocrystals using Ormocarpum cochinchinense: Biophysical characterization of a potent mosquitocidal and toxicity on non-target mosquito predators

Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 2016, 19(2), 377. DOI: 10.1016/j.aspen.2016.04.003

Indole-3-acetic acid in Fusarium graminearum: Identification of biosynthetic pathways and characterization of physiological effects

Fungal Biology, 2016, 120(9), 1135. DOI: 10.1016/j.funbio.2016.06.002

Epidemiological aspects and risk factors for infection by Leishmania infantum chagasi in dogs from municipality of Petrolina, Northeastern Brazil

Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports, 2016, 3-4(), 41. DOI: 10.1016/j.vprsr.2016.07.001

Oral relative bioavailability of Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) in contaminated soil and its prediction using in vitro strategies for exposure refinement

Environmental Research, 2016, 150(), 482. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2016.06.039

Injectable long acting chitosan/tripolyphosphate microspheres for the intra-articular delivery of lornoxicam: Optimization and in vivo evaluation

Carbohydrate Polymers, 2016, 149(), 263. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.04.096

Modification mechanism of sesbania gum, and preparation, property, adsorption of dialdehyde cross-linked sesbania gum

Carbohydrate Polymers, 2016, 149(), 151. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.04.072

The physico-chemical properties of chia seed polysaccharide and its microgel dispersion rheology

Carbohydrate Polymers, 2016, 149(), 297. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.04.126

Effects of Mycorrhiza Colonization on Growth, Root Exudates, Antioxidant Activity and Photosynthesis Trait of Cucumber Grown in Johanson Modified Nutrient Solution

Journal of Plant Nutrition, 2016, (), 00. DOI: 10.1080/01904167.2016.1193604

Non-specific binding sites help to explain mixed inhibition in mushroom tyrosinase activities

European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2016, 122(), 138. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2016.06.013

Optimization and Validation Procedure for Elemental Composition of Fresh and Pasteurized Milk in Pakistan Employing Microwave Digestion Followed by ICP-OES: a Contribution to Risk Assessment

Food Analytical Methods, 2016, 9(10), 2933. DOI: 10.1007/s12161-016-0491-9

Experimental investigation on the flow behaviour in a bubble pump of diffusion absorption refrigeration systems

Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 2016, 8(), 1. DOI: 10.1016/j.csite.2016.04.002

Sub-acute and chronic toxicity profiles of Markhamia tomentosa ethanolic leaf extract in rats

Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2016, 193(), 68. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2016.07.036

Isolation and characterization of three benzylisoquinoline alkaloids from Thalictrum minus L. and their antibacterial activity against bovine mastitis

Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2016, 193(), 221. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2016.07.040

A quantitative ethnobotanical survey of phytocosmetics used in the tropical island of Mauritius

Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2016, 193(), 45. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2016.07.039

Proteolysis in meat tenderization from the point of view of each single protein: A proteomic perspective

Journal of Proteomics, 2016, 147(), 85. DOI: 10.1016/j.jprot.2016.02.011

Establishment of the best maintenance practices for optimal reconfigurable vibrating screen management using decision techniques

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 2016, 33(8), 1239. DOI: 10.1108/IJQRM-01-2016-0004

Fired clay bricks made by adding wastes: Assessment of the impact on physical, mechanical and thermal properties

Construction and Building Materials, 2016, 125(), 241. DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.08.024

Feasibility of ley-farming system performance in a semi-arid region using spatial analysis

Ecological Indicators, 2017, 72(), 239. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.08.026

Functional and physico-chemical properties of six desert-sources of dietary fiber

Food Bioscience, 2016, 16(), 26. DOI: 10.1016/j.fbio.2016.08.001

Structure evolution and microwave absorption properties of nickel nanoparticles incorporated carbon spheres

Materials Research Bulletin, 2016, 84(), 445. DOI: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2016.08.036

Exergoeconomic analysis of photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) mixed mode greenhouse solar dryer

Energy, 2016, 114(), 155. DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2016.07.132

Analysis of crude palm oil composition in a chemical process conveyor using Electrical Capacitance Tomography

Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, 2016, 50(), 57. DOI: 10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2016.06.011

Lead removal from water by choline chloride based deep eutectic solvents functionalized carbon nanotubes

Journal of Molecular Liquids, 2016, 222(), 883. DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2016.07.074

Application of ultrasound in assessing strength of molecular non-covalent interactions in ternary liquid mixtures

Journal of Molecular Liquids, 2016, 222(), 703. DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2016.07.105

Removal of cyanobacterial and algal cells from water by ultrasonic waves — A review

Journal of Molecular Liquids, 2016, 222(), 1109. DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2016.08.010

Parasitism Rate of Habrobracon hebetor to Ephestia kuehniella Larvae: Residual Effect of Deltamethrin, Fenvalerate and Azadirachtin

Journal of Insect Behavior, 2016, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s10905-016-9583-z

Growth kinetics of copper sulfide thin films by photochemical deposition

CrystEngComm, 2016, 18(35), 6748. DOI: 10.1039/C6CE00967K

Effect of different levels of Lepidium sativum L. on growth performance, carcass characteristics, hematology and serum biochemical parameters of broilers

SpringerPlus, 2016, 5(1), . DOI: 10.1186/s40064-016-3118-0

Purification of crude glycerol from transesterification reaction of palm oil using direct method and multistep method

IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2017, 243(), 012015. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/243/1/012015

Transesterification of Waste Cooking Oil to Biodiesel Using KOH/γ-Al2O3 Catalyst in a New Two-Impinging-Jets Reactor

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2014, 53(31), 12238. DOI: 10.1021/ie403408r

Highly Selective Glycerol Esterification over Silicotungstic Acid Nanoparticles on Ionic Liquid Catalyst

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2014, 53(25), 10285. DOI: 10.1021/ie501110m

A Universal Procedure for Crude Glycerol Purification from Different Feedstocks in Biodiesel Production: Experimental and Simulation Study

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2013, 52(39), 14291. DOI: 10.1021/ie402003u

Upgrading the Glycerol from Biodiesel Production as a Source of Energy Carriers and Chemicals—A Technological Review for Three Chemical Pathways

Energies, 2017, 10(11), 1817. DOI: 10.3390/en10111817

The Hydraulic Retention Time as a Key Parameter for the Performance of a Cyclically Fed Glycerol-Based Microbial Fuel Cell from Biodiesel

Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 2017, 164(3), H3001. DOI: 10.1149/2.0011703jes

Synthesis and Characterization of Silicotungstic Acid Nanoparticles via Sol Gel Technique as a Catalyst in Esterification Reaction

Advanced Materials Research, 2011, 364(), 266. DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.364.266

Evaluation of a Passive Anion-Exchange Membrane Micro Fuel Cell Using Glycerol from Several Sources

Fuel Cells, 2018, (), . DOI: 10.1002/fuce.201700190

Experimental Investigation and Thermodynamic Modeling of Glycerin/Methanol/Organic Solvent Systems

Chemical Engineering & Technology, 2019, (), . DOI: 10.1002/ceat.201800356

Potential use of glycerol from the biodiesel industry: germination and first phase of growth evaluation of two domesticated varieties of Phaseolus vulgaris

Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, 2019, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s13399-019-00428-y

Purification of residual glycerol recovered from biodiesel production

South African Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2019, 29(), 42. DOI: 10.1016/j.sajce.2019.06.001

Sewage sludge to bio-fuel: A review on the sustainable approach of transforming sewage waste to alternative fuel

Fuel, 2020, 259(), 116262. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2019.116262

Improving the decolorization of glycerol by adsorption using activated carbon derived from oil palm biomass

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2021, 28(22), 27976. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-021-12585-7

Preparation of activated charcoal from Acrocomia aculeata for purification of pretreated crude glycerol

Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, 2020, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s13399-020-00745-7

Purification of glycerol using organic solvent extraction in a microreactor

Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, 2020, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s13399-020-00750-w

Tropical agroindustrial biowaste revalorization through integrative biorefineries—review part I: coffee and palm oil by-products

Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, 2021, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s13399-021-01442-9

Soybean biodiesel purification through an acid‐system membrane technology: effect of oil quality and separation process parameters

Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 2020, 95(7), 1962. DOI: 10.1002/jctb.6395

Sorption Kinetics, Thermodynamics and Regeneration for Lipid Feedstock Deacidification Using a Mixed-Bed Ion-Exchange Resin

Journal of Food Process Engineering, 2014, 37(1), 27. DOI: 10.1111/jfpe.12056

Valorization of Biodiesel Byproduct Crude Glycerol for the Production of Bioenergy and Biochemicals

Catalysts, 2020, 10(6), 609. DOI: 10.3390/catal10060609

Production of Fuel Additive Solketal via Catalytic Conversion of Biodiesel-Derived Glycerol

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2020, 59(48), 20961. DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.0c04123

Energetic and Kinetic Control Aspects to Explain the Performances and Elucidate the Mechanisms of Oriented Membrane Processes for Extraction and Recovery of Glycerol Compound

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 2020, 8(42), 15967. DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c05637

A review on variation in crude glycerol composition, bio-valorization of crude and purified glycerol as carbon source for lipid production

Bioresource Technology, 2019, 293(), 122155. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2019.122155

Crude glycerine purification by solvent extraction

Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2021, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s43153-021-00164-9

Carbon‐Based Catalysts for Biorefinery Processes: Carbon‐Based Catalysts for Valorization of Glycerol Waste From Biodiesel Industry

Handbook of Biomass Valorization for Industrial Applications, 2022, (), 55. DOI: 10.1002/9781119818816.ch4