Heterogeneous Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein L Is a Subunit of Human KMT3a/Set2 Complex Required for H3 Lys-36 Trimethylation Activity in Vivo
H Erdjument Bromage,
The Journal of Biological Chemistry,
2009, 284(23), 15701-15707. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M808431200
The presence of histone H3 lysine 36 methylation (H3K36me) correlates with actively transcribed genes. In yeast, histone H3K36me mediated by KMT3 (also known as Set2) recruits a histone deacetylase complex, Rpd3s, to ensure the fidelity of transcription initiation. We report the purification of human KMT3a (also known as HYPB or hSet2) complex and the identification of a novel, higher eukaryotic specific subunit, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein L (HnRNP-L). Interestingly, although KMT3a has intrinsic activity in vitro, HnRNP-L is essential in vivo. Moreover, KMT3a generates mono-, di-, and trimethylated products in vitro, but RNA interference against KMT3a or HnRNP-L down-regulates exclusively the H3K36me3 mark in vivo.