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Research Article
Correlation of Economically Important Traits in Sorghum bicolor Varieties

Sadia Alam, Asghar Ali, I.A. Qamar, M. Arshad and Salim Sheikh

Journal of Biological Sciences, 2001, 1(5), 330-331.

Abstract

The present project was aimed to determine the correlation coefficients among different economically important traits using three varieties of Sorghum bicolor, and to ascertain the best combinations of characters to provide an ease to the breeders for improving those characters to improve biomass and yield. The sorghum varieties were PARC SS-1, PARC SS-2, and Pothwar 3-9 as control. The experiment was planted in July, 1998 at National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 3 replications. The plant observations were recorded from five earmarked plants in each plot and replication. The characters for observations were plant height, panicle length, 100-seed weight, number of grains/plant, days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, grain yield, stover yield and total dry matter (TDM). All traits were positively highly significantly (P<0.01) correlated with one another and yield. These findings indicate great scope for improvement in sorghum yield by improving the traits of 100-seed weight, panicle length, plant height and days to 50% flowering which are important yield components.

ASCI-ID: 38-212

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