A Phase II Study of Sunitinib in Japanese Patients with Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: Insights into the Treatment, Efficacy and Safety

H Uemura, N Shinohara, T Yuasa, Y Tomita, H Fujimoto, M Niwakawa, S Mugiya, T Miki, N Nonomura, M Takahashi, Y Hasegawa, N Agata, B Houk, S Naito and H. Akaza

Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology, 2010, 40(3), 194-202. DOI: 10.1093/jjco/hyp146

Abstract

Objective

This study aims to assess the efficacy and safety of sunitinib in Japanese patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

Methods

Fifty-one Japanese patients with prior nephrectomy, 25 treatment-naive patients (first-line group) and 26 cytokine-refractory patients (pretreated group) were enrolled in this phase II trial. Patients received sunitinib 50 mg orally, once daily, in repeated 6-week cycles (4 weeks on treatment, 2 weeks off). The primary endpoint was RECIST-defined objective response rate (ORR) with tumour assessments every 6 weeks via computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Toxicity was assessed regularly. In the primary efficacy analysis of the intent-to-treat (ITT) population, ORR and 95% confidence interval were calculated based on independent review. Secondary time-to-event endpoints, such as progression-free survival (PFS), were estimated using the Kaplan–Meier method.

Results

In the ITT population, ORR was 48.0% in the first-line group (after a median 4 cycles), 46.2% in the pretreated group (5 cycles) and 47.1% overall, with median times to tumour response of 7.1, 10.7 and 10.0 weeks, respectively. Median PFS was 46.0, 33.6 and 46.0 weeks, respectively. The most common treatment-related grade 3/4 adverse events and laboratory abnormalities were fatigue (20%), hand-foot syndrome (14%) and hypertension (12%), decreased platelet count (55%), decreased neutrophil count (51%), increased lipase (39%) and decreased lymphocyte count (33%).

Conclusions

In Japanese patients with RCC, sunitinib is consistently effective and tolerable with similar risk/benefit as that in Western patients, though there was a trend toward greater antitumour efficacy and higher incidence of haematological adverse events in Japanese patients.

ASCI-ID: 1152-122