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Short Communication
The Epidemiological Aspect of Pediculusis in Primary School of Qeshm, South of Iran

M. Soleimani, Sh. Zare, A.A. Hanafi-Bojd and M. Amir-Haidarshah

Journal of Medical Sciences, 2007, 7(2), 299-302.


The purpose of the present study was to determine prevalence of Pediculus humanus capitis and assess risk factors associated it among the primary school pupils of Qeshm, south of Iran. In this descriptive analytical study, 515 pupils were selected randomly. Presence of nit, nymph or adult louse in pupil`s hair was characteristic for diagnosis of head louse infection. The results of the physical examination were recorded in the pre-designed questionnaires for each pupil. The overall prevalence of the infection was found to be 23.9%. Head lice infections were much more commonly in girls than boys with prevalence of 35.27% and 11.07%, respectively. There was significant relationship between head louse infection with sex, grade, number of family members, the education level of parents and job of fathers (p<0.05), but there was no significant relationship between head louse infection with job of mothers. The peak of infection rate was 27.3% in 5th grade. Present study demonstrated a high prevalence of head lice among primary school children of Qeshm. Health education about ways of infection, methods of prevention, personal hygiene and providing suitable hygienic living place for them are important to decrease head louse infection in pupils.

ASCI-ID: 41-577

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