Psychometric Properties of the Chinese Version of the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham, Version IV Scale-Teacher Form

S. S. F Gau, C. H Lin, F. C Hu, C. Y Shang, J. M Swanson, Y. C Liu and S. K. Liu

Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 2009, 34(8), 850-861. DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsn133


Objectives To examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of Swanson, Nolan and Pelham IV Scale (SNAP-IV)-Teacher Form. Methods The sample included a representative sample of 3,653 first to eighth graders (boys, 52.3%) and 190 children diagnosed with ADHD (aged 6–15). Teachers completed the Chinese versions of the SNAP-IV, and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Results The confirmatory factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure (inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, and opposition) with an adequate fit (Comparative Fit Index = 0.990; root mean square error of approximation = 0.058). The test–retest reliability (intraclass correlations = 0.60–0.84), internal consistency ( = .88–.95), and concurrent validity (Pearson correlations = 0.61–0.84) were satisfactory. Children with both ADHD and oppositional defiant/conduct disorders had the highest scores, followed by children with ADHD only who had intermediate scores and then school-based participants who had the lowest scores. Conclusions Our findings suggest that the Chinese SNAP-IV-Teacher Form is a reliable and valid instrument for rating ADHD and oppositional symptoms ( number, NCT00491361).

ASCI-ID: 1156-553