Preventive Effects of Soy Meal (±Isoflavone) on Spatial Cognitive Deficiency and Body Weight in an Ovariectomized Animal Model of Parkinson's Disease

Research Article
Preventive Effects of Soy Meal (±Isoflavone) on Spatial Cognitive Deficiency and Body Weight in an Ovariectomized Animal Model of Parkinson's Disease

A. Sarkaki, M. Badavi, H. Aligholi and A. Zand Moghaddam

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2009, 12(20), 1338-1345.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the preventive effect of 4 weeks soy meal (±isoflavone) on post-menopausal cognitive deficiency and body weight alteration in ovariectomized (OVX)-6-hydroxy dopamine (6-OHDA)-induced animal model of Parkinson’s Disease (PD) which mimics status in menopause women. Female Wistar rats (250-300 g, 5-6 months old) were divided into 2 main groups. (1) Control; (2) OVX; included 5 subgroups that were pre-treated with 10 or 20 g soy with isoflavone in 30 g daily diet (10 and 20 groups, respectively), 10 or 20 g soy without isoflavone in 30 g daily diet (-10 and -20 groups, respectively) and 0 g soy (sham treated group) during 4 weeks after OVX. To induce animal model of PD in main second group (OVX rats) the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) was lesioned by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) (8 μg kg-1 4 μL-1 normal saline contains 0.1% ascorbate). All animals were trained in Morris water maze for evaluating the spatial learning and memory. The results indicated that pre-treatment of Parkinsonian rats with different doses of dietary soy meal (±isoflavone) improved the spatial learning and memory and prevents increasing the body weight after menopause significantly. Our data show that, long-duration dietary soy meal may have the potential neuroprotective effect against post-menopausal cognitive deficiency induced by degeneration of nigrostriatal dopaminergic system and constant body weight during post-menopausal life cycle.

ASCI-ID: 1-5233

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