Search. Read. Cite.

Easy to search. Easy to read. Easy to cite with credible sources.

Research Article
Temperature, pH, Electrical Conductivity, Total Dissolved Solids and Chemical Oxygen Demand of Groundwater in Boji-BojiAgbor/Owa Area and Immediate Suburbs

H.H. Oyem, I.M. Oyem and D. Ezeweali

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 8(8), 444-450.


Temperature, pH, conductivity, total dissolved solids and chemical oxygen demand in ground water of Agbor/Owa town and immediate suburbs were studied. Groundwater is the predominant source of water by inhabitants of these communities without any treatment. However, the quality of this water source is not immediately known, therefore, there is the question of its safety. Temperature readings were taken on site using mercury in glass thermometer, pH and conductance readings of the samples were quickly determined by Corning pH meter model 430 and DDS 307 conductivity meter, TDS and COD by APHA standard methods, respectively. Analyses reveal that temperature, pH, conductivity and TDS range of 27.0-28.1°C, pH was 6.10-6.97, conductivity 8.25-14.46 μS cm-1, TDS 4.13-7.22 mg L-1 and COD 46.80-93.60 mg L-1. Correlational matrix showed temperature correlated very positively with EC and TDS and to a lesser extent with COD. Other positive correlates were between: EC with temperature and TDS; TDS also showed very strong correlation with temperature and EC. The mean values recorded for all studied parameters were 27.7°C, 6.81, 11.08 μS cm-1, 5.53 and 62.72 mg L-1 for temperature, pH, EC, TDS and COD, respectively. These suggest that the groundwater is of rather good quality with values quite below and within the guideline values of WHO, USEPA and Nigerian water safety standards.

ASCI-ID: 68-418

Cited References Fulltext

Related Articles

Evaluation of Physico-chemical and Algal Properties in the Estuary Bay of Bietry in the Neighborhood of Port-Bouet Slaughterhouse (Abidjan, Cote D'ivoire)

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2017, 11(2), 58-64.

Prediction of Earth Fissures Development in Sirjan

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2009, 3(4), 486-496.

Hydro-chemical Grouping of Ground Water in Coastal Region of Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu Using Cluster Analysis

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2011, 5(9), 763-771.

Subsidence Hazard Map in Sirjan Well Field

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 6(4), 146-155.

Effect of pH on Degradation of Novaluron in Water: Laboratory Study

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2007, 1(1), 31-34.

Mycorrhizal Fungi and Abiotic Environmental Conditions Relationship

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 6(4), 125-133.

Physical Variation During Predigestion of Selected Organic Waste Before Vermicomposting

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2018, 12(5), 229-233.

Climatic Changes of Khorasan, North-East of Iran, During 1950-2004

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2008, 2(5), 316-322.

Mycorrhizal Fungi and Abiotic Environmental Conditions Relationship

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 6(4), 125-133.

Estimation of Evapotranspiration of Citrus Tree from Climate Data for Groundwater Management in Saudi Arabia

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 8(8), 435-443.

Optimum ARX Model Prediction for Monthly Air Temperature Changes in Delta, Egypt

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 9(3), 137-151.

Response of Cassava and Maize Yield to Varying Spatial Scales of Rainfall and Temperature Scenarios in Port Harcourt

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2017, 11(4), 137-142.

Assessing Changes in Climate Variability Observation and Simulation of Temperature and Relative Humidity: A Case of East London, South Africa

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2018, 12(1), 1-13.

Physical Variation During Predigestion of Selected Organic Waste Before Vermicomposting

Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2018, 12(5), 229-233.

Cited By

Evaluation of the physicochemical and heavy metal content of ground water sources in Bantaji and Rafin-Kada settlements of Wukari Local Government Area, Taraba State, Nigeria

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, 2017, 9(4), 43. DOI: 10.5897/JECE2017.0416

Suitability of Drinking Water Sources from Nyaruzinga Wetland for Domestic Use in Bushenyi Municipality, Uganda

Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 2017, 09(13), 1587. DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2017.913100

Hydraulic and Groundwater Chemical Parameters of the Aquifer in Malakasari, Bandung

MATEC Web of Conferences, 2018, 147(), 03007. DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201814703007

Iron, manganese, cadmium, chromium, zinc and arsenic groundwater contents of Agbor and Owa communities of Nigeria

SpringerPlus, 2015, 4(1), . DOI: 10.1186/s40064-015-0867-0

Chemical characteristics and health hazards of heavy metals in shallow groundwater: case study Anloga community, Volta Region, Ghana

Applied Water Science, 2019, 9(2), . DOI: 10.1007/s13201-019-0914-z

Comparative study of biochemical, histological and molecular biomarkers of heavy metal contamination in Cyprinus carpio collected from warm-monomictic Lake and Government culture pond

Chemosphere, 2019, (), . DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.152

Corporate social irresponsibility towards the planet: a study of heavy metals contamination in groundwater due to industrial wastewater

Social Responsibility Journal, 2019, ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print), . DOI: 10.1108/SRJ-10-2018-0252

Assessment of natural groundwater physico-chemical properties in major industrial and residential locations of Lagos metropolis

Applied Water Science, 2019, 9(8), . DOI: 10.1007/s13201-019-1073-y

Quality of water sources in Southwestern Uganda using the compartment bag test (CBT): a cross-sectional descriptive study

Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 2019, (), . DOI: 10.2166/washdev.2019.270

Synthesis of Poly-Alumino-Ferric Sulphate Coagulant from Acid Mine Drainage by Precipitation

Metals, 2019, 9(11), 1166. DOI: 10.3390/met9111166

Assessing environmental response of gastropod species in karst springs: what species response curves say us about niche characteristic and extinction risk?

Biodiversity and Conservation, 2019, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s10531-019-01905-6

Antimicrobial and coagulation potential of Moringa oleifera seed powder coupled with sand filtration for treatment of bath wastewater from public senior high schools in Ghana

Heliyon, 2020, 6(8), e04627. DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04627

Physicochemical properties of wastewater effluent from two selected wastewater treatment plants (Cape Town) for water quality improvement

International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2020, 17(12), 4745. DOI: 10.1007/s13762-020-02788-9

Anthropogenic Influences on Physico-Chemical Quality, Fish and Macrophyte Diversities of River Adofi, Southern Nigeria

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2021, 24(4), 507. DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2021.507.515

Comparison of heavy metal and nutrients removal in Canna indica and Oryza sativa L. based constructed wetlands for piggery effluent treatment in north-central Nigeria

International Journal of Phytoremediation, 2021, (), 1. DOI: 10.1080/15226514.2021.1900062

Reevaluating the hydrochemistry of groundwater in basement complex aquifers of Kaduna Basin, NW Nigeria using multivariate statistical analysis

Environmental Earth Sciences, 2021, 80(5), . DOI: 10.1007/s12665-021-09421-z

The assessment of water quality in river Molo water basin, Kenya

Applied Water Science, 2020, 10(4), . DOI: 10.1007/s13201-020-1173-8

Multivariate assessment of groundwater quality in the basement rocks of Osun State, Southwest, Nigeria

Environmental Earth Sciences, 2020, 79(5), . DOI: 10.1007/s12665-020-8858-z

Hydrochemical evaluation of the quaternary aquifer and its suitability for different purposes at south Al Waqf city, Qena, Upper Egypt

Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 2021, 12(), 100517. DOI: 10.1016/j.gsd.2020.100517

Ecological assessment of Hooghly River considering a few of the more perturbed sites based on some relevant physico-chemical and biological variables—A part of the AVIRIS-NG (NASA-ISRO) ground truth verification

Regional Studies in Marine Science, 2021, 41(), 101598. DOI: 10.1016/j.rsma.2020.101598

Geochemical assessment of groundwater in the Kuiseb River basin in Namibia

Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 2020, (), 102956. DOI: 10.1016/j.pce.2020.102956

Patterns of Mekong Mollusc Biodiversity: Identification of Emerging Threats and Importance to Management and Livelihoods in a Region of Globally Significant Biodiversity and Endemism

Water, 2020, 12(9), 2619. DOI: 10.3390/w12092619

Health Risks and Potential Sources of Contamination of Groundwater Used by Public Schools in Vhuronga 1, Limpopo Province, South Africa

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020, 17(18), 6912. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17186912

Spring water assessment for quality and suitability for various uses: the case of Thuligaad watershed, western Nepal

Environmental Earth Sciences, 2021, 80(17), . DOI: 10.1007/s12665-021-09826-w

Inland heat waves (IHWs) and associated impacts on hydro-biology of aquatic ecosystems in lower Ganga basin, India

International Journal of Biometeorology, 2021, (), . DOI: 10.1007/s00484-021-02210-0

Triangulation Approach for Mapping Groundwater Suitability Zones in Coastal Areas Around Lagos, Nigeria. Using Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Technique

NRIAG Journal of Astronomy and Geophysics, 2021, 10(1), 423. DOI: 10.1080/20909977.2021.1987118

Groundwater Quality Monitoring Using In-Situ Measurements and Hybrid Machine Learning with Empirical Bayesian Kriging Interpolation Method

Applied Sciences, 2021, 12(1), 132. DOI: 10.3390/app12010132

An Evaluation of the Khubelu Wetland and Receiving Stream Water Quality for Community Use

Water, 2022, 14(3), 442. DOI: 10.3390/w14030442