164 results found

Low-cost in vitro Screening Method for Digestibility of Pet Chews

Timothy J. Bowse, Charles I. Abramson and Dwayne Bennett

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences 1 (2): 23-26, 2006

ASCI-ID: 216-7

Soluble Proteins, Proline, Carbohydrates and Na+/K+ Changes in Two Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Cultivars under in vitro Salt Stress

Fariba Amini and Ali Akbar Ehsanpour

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology 1 (4): 212-216, 2005

ASCI-ID: 217-151

Advances in Micropropagation of Selected Aromatic Plants: A Review on Vanilla and Strawberry

S. Gantait, N. Mandal and S. Nandy

American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 1 (1): 1-19, 2011

ASCI-ID: 2816-9

Suitability of Cassava Starch as a Gelling Agent for the in vitro Culture of Banana Plantlets

J.N. Buah

American Journal of Food Technology 9 (7): 340-349, 2014

ASCI-ID: 9-466

An Overview on in vitro Culture of Genus Allium

S. Gantait, N. Mandal and P.K. Das

American Journal of Plant Physiology 5 (6): 325-337, 2010

ASCI-ID: 10-132

Arbuscular Mycorrhiza on Root-Organ Cultures

Nishi Mathur and Anil Vyas

American Journal of Plant Physiology 2 (2): 122-138, 2007

ASCI-ID: 10-57

In vitro Responses of Date Palm Cell Suspensions under Osmotic Stress Induced by Sodium, Potassium and Calcium Salts at Different Exposure Durations

Abdulaziz M. Al-Bahrany and Jameel M. Al-Khayri

American Journal of Plant Physiology 7 (3): 120-134, 2012

ASCI-ID: 10-183

Prediction of culture performance of juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei by in vitro (pH-stat) degree of feed protein hydrolysis with species-specific enzymes

D. LEMOS and A.J .P. NUNES

Aquaculture Nutrition 14 (2): 181-191, 2008

ASCI-ID: 144-10

Influence of Cytokinins on the Shoot Proliferation and Subsequent Rooting in Rose

Shreef Mahmood and Bernhard Hauser

Asian Journal of Agricultural Research 9 (5): 259-267, 2015

ASCI-ID: 12-165

In vitro Maturation, Fertilization and Embryo Development of Immature Buffalo Oocytes Vitrified by Different Cryodevice Types

W.A. Khalil, Sh. A. Gabr, Sh. M. Shamiah, A.M.A. El-Haif and A.E. Abdel-Khalek

Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 9 (7): 428-439, 2014

ASCI-ID: 13-678

Antibodies Against Plasmodium berghei Fraction Inhibit Parasite Propagation in vitro

Monica Nainta and H.S. Banyal

Asian Journal of Biological Sciences 6 (5): 265-270, 2013

ASCI-ID: 62-260

Fungal Toxin as Potential Tool for in vitro Selection and Regeneration of Resistant Plants

Namrata Shanu Gupta and Krishnendu Acharya

Asian Journal of Plant Pathology 12 (1): 38-45, 2018

ASCI-ID: 26-135

Morpho-physiological Aspects of Micro-propagating Banana under Different Hormonal Conditions

Ikram-ul-Haq and Muhammad Umar Dahot

Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 6 (3): 496-501, 2007

ASCI-ID: 7-1150

Protocorm Regeneration, Multiple Shoot Induction and ex vitro Establishment of Cymbidium devonianum Paxt.

Meera Chettri Das, Suman Kumaria and Pramod Tandon

Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 6 (2): 349-353, 2007

ASCI-ID: 7-1109

In vitro Regeneration and Callus Formation of Different Hybrid of the (Sunflower) Helianthus annuus L. Yielding in Turkish Trakya Region

Hayati Arda

Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 3 (6): 747-751, 2004

ASCI-ID: 7-726

Curcuma Explant Multiplication in MS Medium Supplemented with Various Kinds of Cytokinine and Auxin Concentration

Erni Suminar, Mita Indriani, Sulistyaningsih, Denny Sobardini, Noladhi Wicaksana and Syariful Mubarok

Asian Journal of Scientific Research 12 (1): 120-125, 2019

ASCI-ID: 8-577

Optimizing In vitro Cryopreservation of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)

Abdulaziz M. Al-Bahrany and Jameel M. Al-Khayri

Biotechnology 11 (2): 59-66, 2012

ASCI-ID: 11-677

Optimization of in vitro Conditions for Callus Induction, Proliferation and Regeneration in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars

Sikandar, Waqar Ali, Israr Khan and Iqbal Munir

Biotechnology 6 (3): 420-425, 2007

ASCI-ID: 11-317

Lateral Bud Culture of Papaya (Carica papaya) for Clonal Propagation

M.M. Rohman, Md. Nazrul Islam, Md. Shameul Alam, Munshi Rashid Ahmad and Tapan Kumar Paul

Biotechnology 6 (3): 339-343, 2007

ASCI-ID: 11-302

Effect of Four Fungicides on Development and Control of Phytophthora on Apple Tree in vitro and in vivo

N. Boughalleb, A. Moulahi and M. El Mahjoub

International Journal of Agricultural Research 1 (6): 582-589, 2006

ASCI-ID: 32-104

Micropropagation of an Elite Medicinal Plant: Stevia rebaudiana Bert.

Arpita Das, Saikat Gantait and Nirmal Mandal

International Journal of Agricultural Research 6 (1): 40-48, 2011

ASCI-ID: 32-407

Effect of Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.)

Shiferaw Demissie, Diriba Muleta and Gezahegn Berecha

International Journal of Agricultural Research 8 (3): 123-136, 2013

ASCI-ID: 32-554

In vitro Antioxidant Activities of Aqueous Extract of Ficus Bangalensis Linn. Root

V.K. Gupta and S.K. Sharma

International Journal of Biological Chemistry 4 (3): 134-140, 2010

ASCI-ID: 34-68

Large Scale Plant Regeneration in vitro from Leaf Derived Callus Cultures of Pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. cv. Giant Kew]

M.N. Amin, M.M. Rahman, K.W. Rahman, R. Ahmed, M.S. Hossain and M.B. Ahmed

International Journal of Botany 1 (2): 128-132, 2005

ASCI-ID: 19-110

Micropropagation of Inula racemosa Hook.f. A Valuable Medicinal Plant

Neelofar Jabeen, A.S. Shawl, G.H. Dar, Arif Jan and Phalesteen Sultan

International Journal of Botany 3 (3): 296-301, 2007

ASCI-ID: 19-235

Measurement of an Optical Parameters: Absorption Scattering and Auto-florescence of Skin in vitro

S. Firdous, M. Ikram, M. Nawaz and M. Aslam

International Journal of Cancer Research 1 (1): 10-15, 2005

ASCI-ID: 36-4

Nutritional Evaluation of Dairy Goat Rations Containing Indigofera zollingeriana by Using in vitro Rumen Fermentation Technique (RUSITEC)

Suharlina, Dewi Apri Astuti, Nahrowi, Anuraga Jayanegara and Luki Abdullah

International Journal of Dairy Science 11 (3): 100-105, 2016

ASCI-ID: 37-276

In Vitro Antioxidant Effects of Flavonoids of Sweet Potato Vines

Hongxiu Ding, Yinyu Gao, Hanwu Lei, Liping Luo, Hongjuan Chao and Roger Ruan

International Journal of Food Properties 13 (2): 360-368, 2010

ASCI-ID: 198-48

Antioxidant, Analgesic and Toxic Potentiality of Stephania Japonica (Thunb.) Miers. Leaf

M. Habibur Rahman, M. Badrul Alam, N.S. Chowdhury, M.K. Jha, M. Hasan, M.M. Khan, M.S. Rahman and M. Ekramul Haque

International Journal of Pharmacology 7 (2): 257-262, 2011

ASCI-ID: 23-588

Assessment of the Antimicrobial Effects of Some Ethiopian Aromatic Spice and Herb Hydrosols

Jemal Hussien, Chalachew Teshale and Jemal Mohammed

International Journal of Pharmacology 7 (5): 635-640, 2011

ASCI-ID: 23-637

In vivo and in vitro Activities of Medicinal Plants on Haemic and Humoral Trypanosomes: A Review

A.W. Mbaya and U.I. Ibrahim

International Journal of Pharmacology 7 (1): 1-11, 2011

ASCI-ID: 23-561

The Role of Tomato and Corn Root Exudates on Glomus mosseae Spores Germination and Ralstonia solanacearum Growth in vitro

M.M. Tahat, K. Sijam and R. Othman

International Journal of Plant Pathology 1 (1): 1-12, 2010

ASCI-ID: 76-1

In vitro and in vivo Antiplasmodial Activities of Stem Bark Extracts of Garcinia parvifolia Miq (Guttiferae)

Syamsudin, Soesanto Tjokrosanto, Subagus Wahyuono, Darmono and Mustofa

International Journal of Tropical Medicine 2 (2): 41-44, 2007

ASCI-ID: 155-54

In-vitro Antiviral Activity of Eugenia jambolana Plant Extract on Buffalopox Virus: Conventional and qPCR Methods

V. Bhanuprakash, M. Hosamani, V. Balamurugan, R.K. Singh and D. Swarup

International Journal of Tropical Medicine 2 (1): 3-9, 2007

ASCI-ID: 155-46

Effects of Exogenous Fibrolytic Enzyme on in vitro Ruminal Fermentation and Microbial Populations of Substrates with Different Forage to Concentrate Ratios

Chao-Yun Li, Yang-Chun Cao, Shi-Zhao Li, Ming Xu, Chan-Juan Liu, Zhi-Peng Yu, Xiang-Hui Zhao and Jun-Hu Yao

Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 12 (10): 1000-1006, 2013

ASCI-ID: 156-4124

Relationships Between in Vitro Gas Production and Dry Matter Degradation of Treated Corn Silage by Urea and Formaldehyde

A. Taghizadeh, M. Hatami, G.A. Moghadam and A.M. Tahmasbi

Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 5 (12): 1193-1198, 2006

ASCI-ID: 156-1630

Pharmacokinetics of Cefquinome in Camels

A.Y. Al-Taher

Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 9 (4): 848-852, 2010

ASCI-ID: 156-2093

In vitro Inhibition of Mastitis Pathogens by Bacteriocin RN 86 Produced by an Indigenous Lactobacillus casei Isolate

Naheed Mojgani and Mehdi Perveen Ashtiani

Journal of Applied Sciences 6 (12): 2629-2634, 2006

ASCI-ID: 35-1461

In vitro Plant Regeneration from Cotyledon-derived Callus of Three Varieties Pummelo (Citrus grandis [L.] Osb.)

F. Begum, M.N. Amin, S. Islam, M.A.K. Azad and M.M. Rehman

Journal of Biological Sciences 3 (8): 751-759, 2003

ASCI-ID: 38-768

In vitro Shoot Development from Juvenile Cuttings of Field-Grown Olive (Olea europaea L.) cv. Leccino

Muhammad Ramzan Khan, Hamid Rashid and Azra Quraishi

Journal of Biological Sciences 2 (7): 438-440, 2002

ASCI-ID: 38-568

In vitro Antioxidant Potential and Antiprotozoal Activity of Methanolic Extract of Mentha longifolia and Origanum syriacum

Khalil H. Al-Ali, Hesham A. El-Beshbishy, Abdulaziz A. Alghaithy, Hossam Abdallah, Ayman A. El-Badry and Essam Abdel-Sattar

Journal of Biological Sciences 13 (4): 207-216, 2013

ASCI-ID: 38-2243

The Explants of Planlet Induction using Auxin and Cytokinin Shortly after the Gamma Ray Irradiation and the Gripped Poly Ethylene Glycol

Ari Wijayani and Rina Sri lestari

Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 12 (15): 3905-3908, 2017

ASCI-ID: 157-2153

Isolation and Screening of Lactic Acid Bacteria from the Gut of Blue Swimming Crab, P. pelagicus, an in vitro Inhibition Assay and Small Scale in vivo Model for Validation of Isolates as Probiotics

A.D. Talpur, A.J. Memon, M.I. Khan, M. Ikhwanuddin, M.M. Danish Daniel and A.B. Abol-Munafi

Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 7 (1): 1-28, 2012

ASCI-ID: 54-286

Physicochemical Composition of Date Fruit (Phoenix dactyifera L.) From Offshoots and Cultured Cells at Different Stages

Mohammed S. Al Jasser

Journal of Food Technology 7 (4): 102-105, 2009

ASCI-ID: 162-411

In vitro Susceptibility of Some Bacteria Strains to Ethanol Extracts of Propolis Collected from Two Different Geographic Origins in Cameroon

A. Mbawala, D. Roger, F.N. Tchuenguem Fohouo and J.B. Milliere

Journal of Food Technology 8 (5): 217-222, 2010

ASCI-ID: 162-455

In vitro Susceptibility of Enterobacter sakazakii to Natural Products

Natasha Sethi and Alka Prakash

Journal of Food Technology 8 (3): 150-153, 2010

ASCI-ID: 162-429

In vitro Antibacterial Activity of the Compounds of Trapa bispinosa Roxb

M. Motiur Rahman, Mir Imam Ibne Wahed, M. Helal U. Biswas, Md. GolamSadik and M. Ekramul Haque

Journal of Medical Sciences 1 (4): 214-216, 2001

ASCI-ID: 41-97

In vitro Antioxidant Potentials of Some Herbal Plants from Southern Nigeria

Chinaka O. Nwaehujor, Julius O. Ode and Motunrayo G. Akande

Journal of Medical Sciences 13 (1): 56-61, 2013

ASCI-ID: 41-1116

Effects of Combination of Different Levels of Auxin (NAA) and Cytokinin (BAP) on in vitro Propagation of Dioscorea rotundata L. (White Yam)

I.O. Ezeibekwe, C.L. Ezenwaka, F.N. Mbagwu and C.I.N. Unamba

Journal of Molecular Genetics 1 (2): 18-22, 2009

ASCI-ID: 2638-4

In vitro Toxicity of Multi Wall Carbon Nanoparticles on Hep G 32 Liver Cell Lines

R.N.R. Anreddy, N.R. Yellu, R.K. Devarakonda and H. Vurimindi

Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology 5 (4): 146-151, 2010

ASCI-ID: 55-258

Protocol Establishment for Multiplication and Regeneration of Ocimum sanctum Linn. An Important Medicinal Plant with High Religious Value in Bangladesh

L.A. Banu and M.A. Bari

Journal of Plant Sciences 2 (5): 530-537, 2007

ASCI-ID: 56-124

In vitro Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of Ethanolic Extract of Aloe vera Leaf Gel

S. Subramanian, D. Sathish Kumar, P. Arulselvan and G.P. Senthilkumar

Journal of Plant Sciences 1 (4): 348-355, 2006

ASCI-ID: 56-47

Photoprotective activity of propolis

Celine Couteau, Marion Pommier, Eva Paparis and Laurence J. M. Coiffard

Natural Product Research Part A 22 (3): 264-268, 2008

ASCI-ID: 130-50

Phytochemical analysis and in vitro cytotoxic activity of volatiles from Astragalus corniculatus

Ilina Krasteva, Stefan Platikanov, Georgi Momekov, Spiro Konstantinov and Stefan Nikolov

Natural Product Research Part A 22 (11): 969-974, 2008

ASCI-ID: 130-8

Evaluation of Different Explant Sources and Growth Regulators on Callus Culture and Regeneration in Strawberry (Fragaria ananassa)

Saifullah Khan and W. Spoor

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 3 (12): 2249-2250, 2000

ASCI-ID: 1-1833

Studies on the Rapid Clonal Propagation of Saccharum officinarum

Muhammad Ramzan Khan and Hamid Rashid

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 6 (22): 1876-1879, 2003

ASCI-ID: 1-2926

Effect of Plant Extracts Against Bipolaris oryzae of Rice under In vitro Conditions

Md. Farid Ahmed, K. M. Khalequzzaman, Md. Nazrul Islam, M. K. Anam and M. Tahasinul Islam

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 5 (4): 442-445, 2002

ASCI-ID: 1-2342

Supplementation of Fermented Palm Press Fibre on Digestibility of Rice Straw and Rumen Bacteria Profile

A. Fariani, A. Abrar, G. Muslim and Lili Warly

Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 14 (2): 80-83, 2015

ASCI-ID: 100-2076

S and P Mineral Supplementation of Ammoniated Palm Leaves as Ruminant Feed

Suyitman, Lili Warly and Evitayani

Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 12 (10): 903-906, 2013

ASCI-ID: 100-1904

The Potential of Gelam Leaves (Melaleuca cajuputi Powell) as Cattle Feed

Ana Widiana, Taufikurahman, S.H. Limin, I. Hernaman and R. Manurung

Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 13 (6): 348-350, 2014

ASCI-ID: 100-1988

Schistosomicidal and molluscicidal activities of aminoalkylamino substituted neo- and norneocryptolepine derivatives

Samia El Bardicy, Ibrahim El Sayed, Fouad Yousif, Pieter Van der Veken, Achiel Haemers, Koen Augustyns and Luc Pieters

Pharmaceutical Biology 50 (2): 134-140, 2012

ASCI-ID: 2451-315

Effect of the Hydroalcoholic Extract of Bidens pilosa L. on Leukocytes Mobilization

Joice Helena Lermen, Milene Borsoi, Cristine Kobayashi, Rage Maluf, Patricia Ardenghi and Edna Sayuri Suyenaga

Pharmacologia 3 (9): 472-476, 2012

ASCI-ID: 5001-83

In vitro Selection of Kütdiken Lemon 20b to Canditate for Resistance to Phoma tracheiphila

Berna Bas and Namik Kemal Koc

Plant Pathology Journal 5 (1): 35-40, 2006

ASCI-ID: 43-120

In vitro Isolation and Influence of Nutritional Conditions on the Mycelial Growth of the Entomopathogenic and Medicinal Fungus Cordyceps militaris

Amit Kumar Sehgal and Anand Sagar

Plant Pathology Journal 5 (3): 315-321, 2006

ASCI-ID: 43-164

Effect of Fungicides on in vitro Infestation Level of Radish, Carrot and Pepper Seeds

Naima Boughalleb, Neji Tarchoun and Wided Dallagi

Plant Pathology Journal 5 (3): 388-392, 2006

ASCI-ID: 43-176

In-vitro Ginger Multiplication: Screening of Starch from Different Cassava Varieties as Gelling Agent in Medium

C.K. Nkere, I.C. Umezurumba and E.N.A. Mbanaso

Plant Sciences Research 2 (2): 20-22, 2009

ASCI-ID: 166-24

In vitro Evaluation of Toothbrushing Abrasion by 4 Standard Toothbrushes

R. Aminian, S.H. Naderi, S. Shahabi and A. Ghasemi

Research Journal of Biological Sciences 3 (6): 660-664, 2008

ASCI-ID: 169-325

The Influence of Exogenous Enzyme, Formaldehyde and/or Sodium Hydroxide on in vitro Gas Production Parameters of Sunflower Meal

M. Danesh Mesgaran, T. Mohammadabadi, M. Chaji and M.R. Ghorbani

Research Journal of Biological Sciences 4 (9): 1068-1072, 2009

ASCI-ID: 169-692

Effects of Different Levels of Fish Oil and Canola Oil on in vitro Dry Matter and Organic Matter Digestibility

T.S. Vafa, A.A. Naserian, A.R. Heravi Moussavi, R. Valizadeh and M. Danesh Mesgaran

Research Journal of Biological Sciences 4 (11): 1171-1174, 2009

ASCI-ID: 169-715

Effects of Different Levels of Fish Oil and Canola Oil on in vitro andin vivo Nutrient Digestibility

Toktam Sadat Vafa, Abbas Ali Naserian, Ali Reza Heravi Moussavi, Reza Valizadeh Mohsen, Danesh Mesgaran and Mohammadali Khorashadizadeh

Research Journal of Dairy Sciences 4 (2): 6-11, 2010

ASCI-ID: 170-28

In vitro Evaluation of Toothbrushing Abrasion by 4 Standard Toothbrushes

R. Aminian, S.H. Naderi, S. Shahabi and A. Ghasemi

Research Journal of Medical Sciences 2 (3): 128-132, 2008

ASCI-ID: 171-87

Antimicrobial Activity and Safety of two Medicinal Plants Traditionally used in Bomet District of Kenya

R.K. Korir, C. Mutai, C. Kiiyukia and C. Bii

Research Journal of Medicinal Plants 6 (5): 370-382, 2012

ASCI-ID: 82-210

Efficacy of Systemic Fungicides for Control of White Muscardine in Tasar Silkworm, Antheraea mylitta D.

K.P. Kiran Kumar, A.K. Sinha, G.P. Singh and K.N. Madhusudhan

Research Journal of Microbiology 6 (11): 805-812, 2011

ASCI-ID: 83-570

Antifungal Activity of Turbinaria conoides and Evaluation for the Effective Concentration against the Infection of Beauveria bassiana in Silkworm Larvae

S. Sugnana Kumari, S.V. Subba Rao, Sunil Misra and U. Suryanarayana Murty

Research Journal of Microbiology 6 (2): 115-123, 2011

ASCI-ID: 83-511

In vitro Susceptibility Testing of Helicobacter pylori to Metronidazole, Amoxicillin, Tetracycline and Ciprofloxacin in Iran

Hossein Khedmat, Mohsen Amini, Amir Masoud Jafari, Farhad Nasiri Afshar, Mohamad Javad Soltanpoor, Farahnaz Fallahian, Morteza Izadi and Mahboobeh Sadat Hosseini

Research Journal of Microbiology 2 (12): 947-953, 2007

ASCI-ID: 83-224

In vitro Effect of Mefloquine on Adult Schistosoma mansoni

Omaima Mohammed Abou-Shady, Soheir Sayed Mohammed, Samar Sayed Attia, Hebat-Allah Salah Yusuf and Dina Omar Helmy

Research Journal of Parasitology 10 (3): 111-119, 2015

ASCI-ID: 84-136

Antiplasmodial Activity of Diospyros monbuttensis and Newbouldia laevis, Two Ivorian Medicinal Plants

Offianan André Toure, Tuo Karim, Beourou Sylvain, Koffi David, Djaman Allico Joseph and Coulibaly Adama

Research Journal of Parasitology 13 (2): 57-64, 2018

ASCI-ID: 84-166

Comparative in vitro Study of Relative Anesthetic Potency of Ropivacaine and Lidocaine

Anastasios Tsirlis, Theodora Karanikola, Nikolaos Dabarakis, Kyriakos Liverdos and Marilena Charisi

Research Journal of Pharmacology 4 (1): 1-4, 2010

ASCI-ID: 173-45

Norstictic Acid Inhibits the Growth of Murine SV40 Transformed Lymphoid Carcinoma Cells In vitro

Bangolah I.E. Affeam, Shellaleh L.N. Alloula and Accomodo O.Q. Semeyannah

Research Journal of Pharmacology 7 (3): 26-28, 2013

ASCI-ID: 173-100

In vitro germ cell differentiation during sex differentiation in a teleost fish

Tohru Kobayashi

The International Journal of Developmental Biology 54 (1): 105-111, 2010

ASCI-ID: 182-126

he role of polyethylene glycol (PEG) pretreatment in improving sugarcane’s salt (NaCl) tolerance

Neelma MUNIR and Faheem AFTAB

Turkish Journal of Botany 33 (6): 407-415, 2009

ASCI-ID: 132-55

Clonal propagation of Dorystoechas hastata via axillary shoot proliferation

Bengi BABA ERDAG, Yelda CALMAZ EMEK and Serap KURT AYDOGAN

Turkish Journal of Botany 34 (3): 233-240, 2010

ASCI-ID: 132-79

Comparative studies on the competence of axillary shoot regeneration on unsliced and longitudinally sliced cotyledon nodes of Vigna unguiculata

Muhammad AASIM, Sancar Fatih OZCAN, Khalid Mahmood KHAWAR and Sebahattin OZCAN

Turkish Journal of Botany 36 (3): 281-287, 2012

ASCI-ID: 132-195